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YOZLAŞMANIN SOSYAL VE KÜLTÜREL ETKİLERİ: BİR LİTERATÜR İNCELEMESİ

SOCIAL AND CULTURAL EFFECTS OF CORRUPTION: A LITERATURE REVIEW

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Corruption which is defined as public officer's abuse of public property for his private interest is a case that has been seen in almost every society throughout the history. As a result of the factors like emergences of institutions which attempt to measure the level of corruption correctly and reliably, and start of fight of the World Bank and IMF against corruption, it began to become a current issue more particularly in 90s. The studies carried out in this direction show that corruption affects democracy, freedom of opinion, human development and welfare negatively. Countries can help with formation of a society of more democracy, and that of higher freedom of opinion, welfare and human development.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Kamu çalışanının özel çıkarları için kamu malını kötüye kullanması olarak tanımlanan yozlaşma, tarih boyunca hemen her toplumda görülen bir olgudur. Yozlaşma düzeyini doğru ve güvenilir bir biçimde ölçmeye çalışan kurumların ortaya çıkması, Dünya Bankası ve Uluslararası Para Fonu gibi organizasyonların yozlaşmayla mücadeleye başlaması gibi faktörler nedeniyle, yozlaşma özellikle 90'lı yıllarla birlikte daha fazla gündeme gelmeye başlamıştır. Bu yönde yapılan çalışmalar göstermektedir ki; yozlaşma demokrasi, fikir özgürlüğü, insani gelişmişlik ve refah gibi değişkenleri negatif olarak etkilemektedir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, literatürdeki çalışmaların bulgularına dayanarak, yozlaşmanın azaltılması durumunda ülkelerin demokrasi, düşünce özgürlüğü, refah ve insani gelişmişlik düzeyini yükseltebileceğini ortaya koymaktır.
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REFERENCES

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