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Competing Geopolitical Interests of China, Russia and the United States in Central Asia and the Caspian Region

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Abstract (2. Language): 
China and the United States have increased their role in Central Asia since the 1990s. Beijing was the driving force behind the creation of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), which is considered by many to be an especially dynamic regional forum, with special relevance to Central Asia, not only in terms of trade, energy and security issues but as a political force that can be used to change the dynamics of the region. The increase of Chinese influence implies a progressive displacement of Russia, the traditional regional power, from its position of dominance. Russia‟s interests seem increasingly to be diverging from those of China in that part of the world, despite an apparent atmosphere of mutual understanding in their relations since the beginning of the 21st century. In this article, the actions and interests of China, Russia and the United States in the spheres of trade, energy and state security are reviewed and analyzed with regards to the Central Asian-Caspian region.

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