COOPERATION IN THE CASPIAN REGION: PAST AND PRESENT
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1. Webber, Mark. CIS Integration Trends. Russia and the Former Soviet South
(London: RIIA, 1997), pp.65-66.
2. Aves, Jonathan. Short Report on Wilton Park Conference 595: “Political and
Economic Prospects in the Caspian Sea Region”, FCO, 6-10 March 2000, p.1.
3. Kubicek, Paul. “End of Line for the Commonwealth of Independent States” in
Problems of Post Communism, Vol.46, No.2, March/April 1999, p.15.
4. Webber, op. cit, p.22.
5. Ibid., p.24.
6. Ibid., p.20-21.
7. Mozaffari, Mehdi. “CIS‟ Southern Belt: Regional Co-operation and Integration” in Mehdi Mozaffari (ed.) Security Politics in the Commonwealth of Independent States (London: Macmillan, 1997), p. 176.
8. Kubicek, op. cit, p. 18.
9. Webber, op. cit, p.60.
10. Mozaffari, op. cit, p.183.
11. Hiro, Dilip. Between Marx and Muhammad. The Changing Face of Central Asia. (London: 1994), p. 70.
12. Mozaffari, op. cit, p. 184.
13. The organisation was originally founded in 1964, as a branch of CENTO for regional cultural and economic co-operation, by Iran, Pakistan and Turkey. After the dissolution of the USSR, it enlarged towards the ex-Soviet Muslim republics of the Caucasus and Central Asia, when Azerbaijan and the five Central Asian NIS became its member in November 1992.
14. Pomfret, Richard. “The Economic Co-operation Organisation: Regional Forum or Irrelevant Talking Shop?” in Caspian Crossroads Magazine, Vol.2, No.4, Spring 1997.
16. At the moment, co-operation is taking place among Azerbaijan, Georgia and Ukraine to a considerable extent. The other two members‟ attitude toward co-operation within GUUAM framework is still ambiguous.
17. Kubicek, op.cit, p. 21.
18. Turan News Agency, Politics bulletin, Baku 22/11/1999.
19. The Fortnight in Review, the Jamestown Foundation, 14 April 2000.
20. Monitor, the Jamestown Foundation, 01 May 2000.