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Öğrenmede Bağlam

CONTEXT WHERE LEARNING TAKES PLACE

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Abstract (2. Language): 
This compilation is to provide a brief and general review of the main functions of context in learning. Although the role of context in learning has been studied by learning theorists for decades, only in the last 20 years has an attempt for a systematic account of such a role been developed. In the manuscript, definition of contex and its component stimuli were done comprehensively. Then from the functional perspective, how an organism perceives the context was elaborated. Three main functions of the context (e.g. As a CS, as a modulator, and as an occasion setter) were identified and detailed.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Sunulan metin ile öğrenmede bağlamın rolüne ilişkin kısa ve genel bir gözden geçirmenin yapılması amaçlanmıştır. Öğrenmede bağlama ilişkin etkiler uzun zamandan beri çalışılmakla beraber, bağlamın öğrenmede oynadığı role ilişki sistematik açıklama çabaları ancak son 20 yıldır geliştirilmektedir. Metinde, bağlam ve bağlama ilişkin uyarıcılar incelikli ve kapsamlı olarak tartışılmıştır. Daha sonra da işlevsel bakış açısından, organizma için bağlamın nasıl algılandığı ve organizma için ne ifade ettiği incelenmiştir. Yine işlevsel bir yaklaşımla, bağlama ilişkin üç ana işlev (bir CS olarak bağlam, bir modülatör olarak bağlam ve ve bir durum kurucu olarak bağlam) tartışılmıştır.

REFERENCES

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