Journal Name:

Publication Year:

Author NameUniversity of Author
Abstract (2. Language): 
The purpose of this research is to identify and explain the barriers to application of information technology (IT) in physical education course in schools of Iran- Zarand and to review the current status and determine its significance. The statistical population comprises of all 80 physical education teachers in Iran- Zarand and statistical sample is selected equal to statistical population. Data collection is done by researcher-made questionnaire whose face and content validity is confirmed by experts and its reliability is calculated by Cronbach's coefficient Alpha as 91%. For data analysis, Factor analysis together with Varimax Rotation, One Sample T–test and Friedman test are utilized. According Factor analysis 7 factors are identified and named Human, Facility-equipment, Technical, Cultural, Financial, Professional ability and Payment-fringe benefit factors. Review of current status shows that all said factors exist as barriers from among which human factor is known as the most important and payment and fringe benefit known as the least important barriers to application of IT in physical education course in Iran- Zarand. Prioritizing these factors may help the officials in physical education selection of Education and Training Organization in their planning issues to pay considerable attention to the application of IT..



Baroo,L.,Markman,L & Rouse,C.E. (2009). Technology edge: The educational benefits of computer-aided instruction. American Economic Journal,Economic Policy , 52-74.
Crum Packer, N. (2003). Faculty pedagogical approach,skill,and motivation in today's distance education milieu. ERIC Document Reproduction Service.(ED398244), Retrieved from: http://www.aect.org/publication/qrde.htm
Razaghi 2014;5(2):01-10
http://pjss.pau.edu.tr Pamukkale Journal of Sport Sciences
Deryakulu,D., Buyukozturk,S. & Ozcinar,H. (2010). Predictors of academic achievement of student ICT teachers with different learning styles. International Journal of Human and Social Science , 5, 567-573.
Elliot,S. (2010). Multimedia in schools: A study of web -based animation effectiveness. Retrieved from http://center.uoregon.edu.
Grinfelds, A. (1999). National policies and practices on ICT in Education. Latvia. Private communication.
Jerry.B. (2000). The E-learning potential. Retrieved from: http://www.kdgonline.com/webpages/whiterpapercontent2.html.
Lowenstein,A. (2001). Education: Virtual is becoming reality. Rockford Register.
Pelgrum, W.J. & Plomp,TJ. (1993). The IEA study of Computers in education: implementation of an innovation in 21 education systems. Oxford: Pergamon Press.
Pelgrum,W.J. (2001). Obstacles to the integration of ICT in Education:Results from a word-wild educational assessment. Computer & Education , 37 (2), 163-167.
Razaghi, M.E. Moosavi, S.J., Safania, A.M. & Dousti, M. (2013a). Presentation of a suitable model for knowledge management establishment in sport organizations: Delphi Classic Method. Annals of Applied Sport Science,1(2), 33-41.
Razaghi, M.E., Moosavi, S.j. & Safania, A.M. (2013b). Successful knowledge management establishment in sport organizations with an emphasis on Iranian localization. International Journal of Sport Studies, 3(1), 30-37.
Salehi, M., Gholizadeh, R.A & Sadeghi, M.R. (2011). Determining the feasibility of developing new educational technology with ICT approach in Sari primary schools. Quarterly Journal of Information and Communication Technology in Educational Science , 1 (4), 23-36.
Toprakci,E. (2006). Obstacles at integration of schools into information and communication technologies by taking into consideration the opinions of the teachers and principles of primary and secondary schools in Turkey. Journal of Instructional Science & Technology(e-JIST) , 9 (1), 1-6.
Valdes,G. (2005). Critical Issue: Technology: A Catelyst for teaching and learning in the classroom. North Central Rigional Educational Laboratory. Retrieved on January 16,2006 from http://www.ncrel.org/ sdrs/areas/issues/methods/technlgy/te600.htm.
Visscher.A.j. & Wild, P. (1997). The potential of information technology in support of teachers and educational managing their work environment. Education and Information Technologies, 4, 263-274.

Thank you for copying data from http://www.arastirmax.com