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Suçun Önlenmesinde Fırsatın Rolü ve Suç Kontrolü Uygulamalarına Karşı Olası Tehditler

THE ROLE OF OPPORTUNITY IN CRIME PREVENTION AND POSSIBLE THREATS OF CRIME CONTROL BENEFITS

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Opportunity plays an important role on crime occurrence. Most of the traditional criminological theories are generally focused on only criminality or delinquency rather than criminal behavior. On the other hand, some newer crime theories which are called as “opportunity theories of crime” broaden the attention from the offender to the crime event. In the current study, major points of opportunity theories of crime (routine activities, rational choice, crime pattern, defensible space/ crime prevention through environmental design, and situational crime prevention) are explained clearly. Additionally, the most serious threats to crime prevention efforts, “displacement” and “diffusion of benefits” are clarified in detail in present article.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Suçun meydana gelmesinde “fırsat” kavramı önemli bir rol oynamaktadır. Geleneksel suç teorilerinin birçoğu, suç davranışını incelemek yerine, sadece suçluluk ya da suç işleme üzerine odaklanmaktadır. Diğer taraftan, “fırsat teorileri” olarak adlandırılan yeni suç teorileri, genellikle sadece suç eğilimlerini değil, aynı zamanda suç davranışını da açıklamaya çalışmaktadır. Bu çalışmada fırsat teorilerinin (rutin aktiviteler, rasyonel seçim, suç deseni savunulabilir alan/ çevre düzenlemesi aracılığıyla suç önlenmesi, durumsal suç önleme) temel noktaları açıklanmıştır. Ayrıca, bu makalede, suç önleme uygulamalarına yönelik ciddi tehditler olarak algılanan “suçun yer değiştirmesi” ve “faydaların bir bölgeden bir başka bölgeye yayılması” kavramları detaylı olarak izah edilmiştir.

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