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Hayvandan İnsana Doku ve Organ Naklinin (Xenotransplantasyon) Etik Boyutu

Ethical Dimension of Tissue and Organ Transplantation from Animal to Human (Xenotransplantation)

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Xenotransplantation is defined as the transplantation of tissues and organs between different species. Logistic advantages such as the rapidity of finding and producing donors, plus the financial advantages of rapid breeding are mentioned as the benefits of working in this field. Notwithstanding the benefits, there are still several ambiguous issues that have not been resolved medically and morally and need clarification: Rejection of animal tissues and organs; the risk of novel diseases transmitted from animals that might be a threat to humanity; the diverstiy of social, religious and cultural viewpoints; the very natural concerns and reactions of animal rights advocates; the economic issues about the fair distribution of this technology, which might prove to be very costly, amongst all people This study aims to bring forward and discuss the beneficial aspects and the various still unresolved ethical dilemmas of xenotransplantation, with a glance on the historical progress of xenotransplantation studies.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Xenotransplantasyon, değişi k türler arasında doku ve organların nakli olarak tanımlanır. Donör bulabilmenin ve üretiminin hızlılığı gibi lojistik avantajlar yanında, finansal avantajlar da bu alandaki çalışmaların sağlayabileceği kazançlar arasında sayılmaktadır. Bunların yanında, tıbbi ve ahlaki açıdan karara bağlanamayan ve henüz karanlık olan birçok belirsizlik de bulunmaktadır: Hayvandan alınan doku ve organların reddi, insan ve hayvan dokusu arasındaki fizyolojik uyumsuzluk, daha uygun hayvan dokularının oluşturulmasına ilişkin deneylerin etik yönleri, hayvanlardan geçerek İnsanlığı tehdit edebilecek yeni hastalıkların ortaya çıkması riski, toplumsal, dini ve kültürel bakışlardaki farklılık, hayvan hakları savunucularının doğal endişe ve tepkileri, çok pahalıya mal olabilecek bu teknolojinin tüm insanlar arasında adil dağılımı konusundaki ekonomik baskılar, insanın doğanın yapısına müdahil olup olmama hakkı konusundaki farklı felsefi görüşler. Bu çalışmada, xenotransplantasyon araştırmalarmdaki tarihsel süreçle birlikte yararlı yönleri ve konuya ilişkin hala çözülemeyen çok sayıdaki etik ikilemin gündeme taşınarak yeni bir tartışma açılması amaçlanmaktadır.

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