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Adana'da Lise Öğrencilerinde Hepatit B Farkındalık Düzeyi

HEPATITIS B AWARENESS AMONG HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ADANA

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Objective: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a common cause of liver disease throughout the world. Turkey is known to have an intermediate endemicity. The prevalence of HbsAg varies between 1.7% and 14.2%. Sixty percent of the population of Turkey is at the age of 25 and younger. The number of HBV carriers is estimated as 4 million. The aim of this study was to assess the awareness of hep¬ atitis B infection among high-school students in Adana, a city of Turkey. Materials and Methods: A survey was carried on 2352 highschool students from ten schools randomly selected in the city of Adana in 1999-2000. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 9.0 pocket program. ANOVA and %2 tests were used for statistical analysis. Results: Of 2352 students, 50.1% were male and 49.9% were female. Mean age was 16.5±1 years (range 14-21 years). Six questions were asked about the route of transmission of HBV: affected age groups, risk groups, the affected organ, whether it may cause cancer, and vaccination. The percentage of correct responders for these questions were 4%, 98%, 10%, 28%, 24%, and 40%, respectively. Conclusion: There was a significant relationship between aware¬ ness of hepatitis B and older age, higher grade, higher educa¬ tional status of parents, and higher family income. However, nei¬ ther the awareness nor the vaccination rates for hepatitis B among high-school students were satisfactory. Vaccination and education programmes for hepatitis B should be implemented immediately.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Amaç: Hepatit B virus (HBV) enfeksiyonu tüm dünyada karaciğer hastalıklarının önde gelen nedenidir. Türkiye orta endemisite'de bir ülke olup HbsAg prevalansı %1.7-14.2 arasında değişmektedir. Nüfusunun %60'ı 25 yaş ve altında olan ülkemizde HBV taşıyıcılarının 4 milyon kadar olduğu tahmin edilmektedir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Adana il merkezindeki lise öğrencilerinde Hepatit B enfek¬ siyonu farkındalığını değerlendirmektir. Yöntem: Adana il merkezindeki 49 okul arasından rasgele örneklem ile seçilen 10 okulda 1999-2000 yılında öğrenim gören 2352 öğrenci çalışmaya alınmıştır. Veriler SPSS 9.0 programı ile analiz edilmiştir. istatistiksel değerlendirmede ANOVA ve ki-kare testleri kullanılmıştır. Bulgular: Örneklemdeki 2352 öğrencinin %50.1'i erkek, %49.9'u kızdı. Ortalama yaş 16.5±1 yıldı (aralık 14-21 yaş). HBV geçiş yolu, etkilediği yaş grubu, risk grupları, etkilenen organ ve kanserle ilişkisi ve aşı hakkında 6 soru soruldu. Sorulara verilen doğru cevap oranı sırasıyla; %4, %98, %10, %28, %24 ve %40 olarak sap¬ tandı. Sonuç: Hepatit B farkındalığı ile yaş, sınıf, ana-baba eğitim durumu, aile geliri arasında anlamlı ilişki olduğu saptandı. Ancak lise öğrencilerinin ne bilgi düzeyleri ne de aşılanma oranları istenen düzeyde değildi. Aşı ve eğitim programlarının acilen uygulanması gerektiği düşünülmektedir.

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