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Çocuk ve ergenlerde 4. rapora dayalı kan basıncı ölçümü ve değerlendirmesi

Measurement and assessment of blood pressure in children and adolescents regarding forth report

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Hypertension in childhood or adolescence is defined as average systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure (BP) over than the 95th percentile for gender, age, and height on 3 or more occasions with appropriate measurement technique. The estimated prevalence of hypertension in childhood is between 2-5%. It has been shown that adulthood blood pressure levels correlate with child¬hood blood pressure levels. It is difficult to assess blood pressure in children and adolescents. To measure and evaluate the blood pressure levels in these groups, guides of The Fourth Report on the Diagnosis, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents are generally used. It seems that primary health care teams will have to do periodic follow up regard¬ing blood pressure levels in children and adolescents and will take active role especially in the management and life-style counseling in the pre-hypertensive group.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Çocuk ve ergenlerde hipertansiyon; "uygun yöntem kullanılarak yapılan üç ayrı ölçümde sistolik ve/veya diyastolik kan basıncının yaşa, cinsiyete ve boya göre 95 persantilin üzerinde olması"dır. Çocuk ve ergenlikte hipertansiyonun olası prevalansı %2-5 arasındadır. Erişkinin kan basıncının (KB) çocukluğundaki KB değerleri ile ilişkili olduğu gösterilmiştir. Çocuk ve ergenlerde KB değerlendirmesi zordur. Ölçme ve değerlendirme standartı olarak genellikle, 2004 Ulusal Yüksek Kan Basıncı Eğitim Programı Çalışma Grubu'nun "Çocuk ve Ergenlerde Yüksek Kan Basıncı Tanı, Değerlendirme ve Tedavi Üzerine Dördüncü Rapor"u kullanılmaktadır. Birinci basamak sağlık hizmeti verenler her yaştaki çocuk ve ergende düzenli KB ölçümü yapmalı, ileride hipertansif olma riski izlemeli ve yaşam değişikliği danışmanlığı vermelidir.

REFERENCES

References: 

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