Buradasınız

An investigation of students’ life satisfaction and loneliness level in a sample of Turkish students

Journal Name:

Publication Year:

Abstract (2. Language): 
This study investigated the correlation between the life satisfaction and loneliness levels of students of Faculty of Education with respected to age and gender variables. The participants are students at the Educational Faculty of Çukurova University in Adana/Turkey. The sample consists of 422 students, 223 female and 199 male. Their life satisfaction and loneliness levels were measured by the “UCLA Loneliness Scale” and “Life Satisfaction Scale”, also “Personal Information Form” is used to gather personal information. To analyze data, t-test, one-way ANOVA, stepwise regression and correlation statistical techniques are used. The research findings show that the male students’ loneliness level is higher than the female students’ loneliness level. There is no significant difference found between male and female students’ life satisfaction. Beside, the correlation between age and loneliness level shows that, loneliness level is increased with the increase of age. However, there is a negative correlation between life satisfaction and loneliness level. Based on research findings, researchers suggest that the psychological counseling and guidance services of university must be functionalized and improved to increase students’ life satisfaction and to decrease loneliness level.

REFERENCES

References: 

Allain T.J. & Matenga, J. A. (1996). Determinants of happiness and life satisfaction in elderly Zimbabweans. Cent African Journal Med, 42 (11), 308-311.
Ari, R. & Hamarta, E. (2000). Investigation of social skills and loneliness levels of university students with respect to their personal characteristics. Selcuk University Journal of Faculty of Education. 10, 121-134.
Aspinwall, L. G. & Taylor, S. E. (1992). Modeling cognitive adaptation: A longitudinal investigation of the impact of individual differences and coping on college adjustment and performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63, 989-1003.
Tümkaya, S., Aybek, B., Çelik, M., (2008). An investigation of students’ life satisfaction and loneliness level in
a sample of Turkish students. International Journal of Human Sciences [Online]. 5:1. Available:
http://www.insanbilimleri.com
13
Baltas, A.& Baltas, Z. (1996). Stres ve Başa Çıkma Stilleri. İstanbul: Remzi Kitapevi.
Bennett, F. (2002). Psychological issues and interventions. In R. T. Fraser.D. C. Clemmons & F. Bennett (Eds.) Multiple selerosis: Psychological and vocational interventions, 83-124.
Booth, R., Bartlett, D. & Bohnsock, J. (1992). An examination of the relationship between happiness, loneliness and shy men in college students. Journal of College Student Development, 33, 157-162.
Bourland, S. L., Stanley, M. A.,Snyder, A. G., Novy, D. M.,Beck, J. G., Averill, P. M. & Swann, A. C. (2000). Quality of life in older adults with generalized anxiety disorder. Aging and Mental Health, 4, 315-323.
Chemers, M. M., Hu, L. & Garcia, B. F. (2001). Academic self-efficacy and first-year college students performance and adjustment. Journal of Educational Psychology, 93, 55-64.
Christopher, J. C. (1999). Situating psychological well-being: exploring the cultural roots of its theory and research. Journal of Counseling & Development, 77(2),141-153.
Cohen, A. B. (2002). The importance of spirituality in well-being for Jews and Christians. Journal of Happiness Studies, 3, 287-310.
Cook, J. M., Black, B. S., Rabins, P. V. & German, P. (2000). Life satisfaction and symptoms of mental disorder among order African-American public housing resident. Journal of Clinical Geropsychology, 6, 1-14.
Davis, S. F., Hanson, H., Edson, R. & Ziegler, C. (1992). The relationship between optimism-pessimism loneliness and levels of self-esteem in college students. College Students Journal, 26, 244-247.
Demir. A. (1990). Some factors that affect the loneliness levels of university students. Unpubhshed PhD Dissertation, Ankara: Hacettepe University, Institute of Social Sciences.
Deniz, M. E. (2006). The relationships among coping with stress, life satisfaction, decision-making styles and decision self-esteem: An investigation with Turkish university students. Social Behavior and Personality, 34(9), 1161-1170.
Dew, T. & Huebner, E. S. (1994). Adolescent’s perceived quality of life: An exploratory investigation. Journal of School Psychology, 32 (2), 185-199
Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J. & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49 (1), 71-75.
Ebbin, A., & Blankenship, E. (1986). A longitudinal health care study: International versus domestic students. Journal of American College Health, 34.
Enochs, W. K. & Roland, C. B. (2006). Social adjustment of college freshmen: The importance of gender and living environment. College Student Journal, 40(1), 63-73.
Erkmen, H. (1989). Tıp fakültesi öğrencilerinde ruhsal durum ölçümü çalışması. Üniversite Gençliğinde Uyum Sorunları Sempozyumu Bilimsel Çalışmaları (22-24 Kasım 1989, Ankara) Tam Metin Kitabı, 77- 81.
Ernst, J. M. & Cacioppo, J. T. (1999). Lonely hearts: Psychological perspectives on loneliness. Applied and Preventative Psychology, 8, 1-22
Gün, F. (2006). Kent kültüründe yalnızlık duygusu, Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Ankara Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü.
Honkalampi, K., Saarinen, P., Hintikka, J., Virtanen, V. & Viinamaeki, H. (1999). Factors associated with alexithymia in patients suffering from depression. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatic, 68, 270-275.
Tümkaya, S., Aybek, B., Çelik, M., (2008). An investigation of students’ life satisfaction and loneliness level in
a sample of Turkish students. International Journal of Human Sciences [Online]. 5:1. Available:
http://www.insanbilimleri.com
14
Hugh, S., Judith, P. S., & Priscilla, Q.(2006). Predictors of college student suicidal ideation gender differences. College Student Journal, 40 (1), 109-117.
Jones, W. H., Freemon, J. E. & Goswick, R. A. (1981). The persistence of loneliness: Self and other determinants. Journal of Personality, 49, 27-48.
Köker, S. (1991). Comparison of the level of life satisfaction of normal adolescents and adolescents with problems. Unpublished master’s thesis, Ankara University, Institute of Social Sciences.
Leonard, M.H. (1979). Interpersonal problems of people who describe themselves as lonely, Journal of Counselting and Clinical Psychology, 47 (4), 762-764.
McCullough, G., Huebner, E. S. & Laughlin, J. E. (2000).Life events, self-concept and adolescents’ positive subject well-being. Psychology in the Schools, 37, 281-290.
McWhirter, B.T. (1990). Loneliness: A review of current literature with implications for counseling and research. Journal of Counseling Development, 68, 417-423.
McWhirter, B. T. (1997). Loneliness, learned resourcefulness, and self-esteem in college students, Journal of Counseling & Development, 75, 460-469.
Özgüven, İ.E. (1989). Üniversite öğrencilerinin uyum sorunları ve başetme yolları. Üniversite Gençliğinde Uyum Sorunları Sempozyumu Bilimsel Çalışmaları (22-24 Kasım 1989, Ankara) Tam Metin Kitabı, 23-30.
Özkürkçügil, A. Ç. (1999). Bir Mediko-Sosyal Merkezine genel sağlık sorunları ile başvuran öğrencilerden psikiyatrik tanı alanlarda bazı sosyodemografik özellikler. Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, 10, 115-122.
Paolini, L., Yanez, A. P. & Kelly, W. E. (2006). An examination of worry and life satisfaction among college students. Individual Different Research, 5, 331-339.
Peblau, L.A. & Periman, D. (1984). Loneliness research: A survey of empirical findings, Peplav, L.A., Goldstan (Ed.), Preventing the harmful consequences of severe and persistant loneliness. Rockville Marylond. National Institute of Mental Health.
Pekrun, R., Götz, T., Titz, W. & Perry, R. P. (2002). Academic emotions in students’ self-regulated learning and achievement: A program of qualitative research. Educational Psychologist, 37, 91-106.
Quimby, J. L. & O’Brien, K. M. (2006). Predictors of well-being among nontraditional family students with children. Journal of Counseling & Development.84, 451-460.
Riggio, R. E., Watring, K. P. & Throckmorton, B.(1993). Social skills, social support and psychological adjustment. Personality and Individual Difference, 15, 275-308.
Rokach, A. & Brock, H. (1997). Loneliness: A multidimensional experience. Psychology: A Journal of Human Behavior, 34, 1-9.
Russell. D., Peplau, L. A.. & Cutrona, C. E. (1980). The revised UCLA Loneliness Scale: Concurrent and discriminate validity evidence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39, 472-480.
Russell. D. Peplau, L. A., & Ferguson, M. L. (1978). Developing a measure of loneliness. Journal of Personality Assessment, 42, 290-294.
Scheier, M. F.& Carver, C. S.(1992). Effects of optimism on psychological and physical well-being: Theoretical overview-an empirical update. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 16. 201-228.
Schultz, N. R. & Moore, D. (1984). Loneliness: Correlates, attributions and coping among older adults. Personality and Psychology Bulletin, 10, 67-77.
Tümkaya, S., Aybek, B., Çelik, M., (2008). An investigation of students’ life satisfaction and loneliness level in
a sample of Turkish students. International Journal of Human Sciences [Online]. 5:1. Available:
http://www.insanbilimleri.com
15
Stephenson, H., Pena-Shaff, J. & Quirk, P. (2006). Predictors of college student suicidal ideation: Gender differences. College Student Journal, 40(1), 109-117.
Tümkaya, S., Aybek, B. & Çelik, M. (2006). KPSS’ye girecek mezun ve son sınıf öğretmen adaylarının umutsuzluk ve durumluk-sürekli kaygı düzeylerinin incelenmesi, XV. Ulusal Eğitim Bilimleri Kongresi Bildiri Özetleri, 249, Muğla.
Vara Ş. (1999). Yoğun Bakım Hemşirelerinde İş Doyumu ve Genel Yaşam Doyumu Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi, Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi, İzmir.
Wittenberg, M. T., & Reis, H. T (1986). Loneliness, social skills and social perception. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 12, 121-130.
Wright, S. L., Burt, C. D. B. & Strongman, K. T. (2006). Loneliness in the workplace: Construct definition and scale development. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 35(2), 59-68.
Wong, M. M. L. (1996). Shadow management in Japanese companies in Hong Kong. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 34, 95-110.
Yetim, Ü. (1992). Kişisel Projelerin Organizasyonu ve Örüntüsü Açısından Yaşam Doyumu, Yayınlanmamış Doktora Tezi, İzmir.

Thank you for copying data from http://www.arastirmax.com