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Bilgisayar ve internet destekli satranç öğretiminin üniversite öğrencileri üzerine etkisi

The affect of computer and internet supported chess instruction on university students

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Abstract (2. Language): 
The purpose of this study was to teach subjects of “The King and Rook Checkmate” and “Two Bishops Checkmate” in chess with a computer program on a web page and compare the computer - internet supported instruction method with traditional instruction method. For this reason, an experimental group (n=33, mean age=22.1 years) and a control group (n=35, mean age=22.6 years) were set up from participants of non-major Elective Chess course (VIII) taught in Uludag University, Faculty of Education, Department of Physical Education and Sports. As subjects of application, the fundamental chess topics of “The King and Rook Checkmate” and “Two Bishops Checkmate” were selected. After chess instruction of 2 hours every 5 weeks, the topics of “The King and Rook Checkmate” and “Two Bishops Checkmate” were taught to both groups in 6th and 7th weeks respectively. While traditional instruction methods were applied to control group, internet and computer supported education was given to experimental group. After the lessons, the students of both groups were asked to make “The King and Rook Checkmate” and “Two Bishops Checkmate”. The analysis of the obtained data were made on SPSS 12 statistic program and evaluated with Chi – Square test. Significance level was accepted as p<0.05. 72.7% of the students in the experimental group and 54.3% of the students in control group learned the “The King and Rook Checkmate” topic. 69.7% of the students in the experimental group and 62.9% of the students in control group learned the “Two Bishops Checkmate” topic. As a result, can say that computer and internet supported chess instruction is more effective and efficient compared to traditional methods. Investigation on the effect of computer and internet supported instruction method on other subjects in chess was purposed.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu çalışmanın amacı, satrançta “Şah kale matı” ve “Şah iki fil matı” konularının bir web sayfasında hazırlanan bilgisayar programı ile öğretilmesi ve bilgisayar - internet destekli öğretim yönteminin geleneksel anlatım öğretim yöntemiyle karşılaştırmaktır. Bu amaçla, Uludağ Üniversitesi, Eğitim Fakültesi, Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bölümünde okutulan Bölüm Dışı Seçmeli VIII – Satranç dersine katılan öğrencilerden deney grubu (n=33, ortalama yaş = 22.1 yıl) ve kontrol grubu (n=35, ortalama yaş = 22.6 yıl) oluşturuldu. Uygulama konusu olarak satrancın temel konularından olan “Şah kale matı” ve “Şah iki fil matı” seçilmiştir. 5 haftalık 2’şer saat temel satranç eğitiminden sonra iki gruba da 6. haftada “Şah kale matı” ve 7. haftada ise “Şah iki fil matı” konusu anlatıldı. Kontrol grubuna geleneksel öğretim metotları uygulanırken, deney grubu internet ve bilgisayar destekli eğitim verilmiştir. Derslerden hemen sonra her iki grupta yer alan öğrencilerden “Şah kale matı” ve “Şah iki fil matı” yapmaları istendi. Elde edilen verilerin değerlendirilmesi SPSS 13 paket programında Ki kare testi ile yapıldı. Anlamlılık seviyesi olarak p<0.05 değeri olarak kabul edildi. “Şah kale matı” konusunu deney grubunda yer alan öğrencilerin %72.7’ si (n=24) öğrenirken (p<0.05), kontrol grubunda yer alan öğrencilerin %54.3’ü (n=19) öğrenmiştir (p>0.05). “Şah iki fil matı” konusunu deney grubunda yer alan öğrencilerin %69.7’ si (n=23) öğrenirken (p<0.05), kontrol grubunda yer alan öğrencilerin %62.9’u (n=22) öğrenmiştir (p>0.05). Sonuç olarak bilgisayar ve internet destekli satranç öğretiminin geleneksel anlatım yöntemlere göre daha etkili ve verimli olduğu söylenebilir. Bilgisayar ve internet destekli eğitiminin satrancın diğer konularının eğitimindeki etkisinin de araştırılması önerilmektedir

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