The economic issue of tourism Algerian and socioeconomic conditions of sustainable development in Algeria

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Abstract (2. Language): 
The development is the dominant characteristic of the evolution of the world economy since the end of the last war. Evidently it requires an important effort of investment in order to increase the potential of production and a programming or scheduling to orient the choices and the actions. It rests on the economical growth but this growth needs all activity branches to be lasting. The question is to know if it is possible to arrive to the stage of a supportable growth from a sector among others, the tourism. Before, we need to appreciate the economic importance of this sector and to know the mechanisms by which the main social and economic variables influence its multiple activities. A real analysis of the determinants of the touristy offer and demand as well as the analysis of the touristy products and markets would have permitted us to appreciate its role better in its possible quality of second wealth after the hydrocarbons. The lack of acceptable data is the major reason of its impossibility. In all cases, we are going to tempt to appreciate its importance through the three essential questions of economists: why, how and what. To tempt to answer there is making a first step toward the research of the solutions that would facilitate the process of lasting development of the tourism in Algeria.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Le développement est la caractéristique dominante de l'évolution économique mondiale. Evidemment il exige un important effort d'investissement pour augmenter le potentiel de production, une programmation ou une planification pour orienter les choix et les actions. Il repose sur la croissance économique mais celle-ci a besoin de toutes les branches d'activité pour être durable. La question est de savoir si on peut parvenir au stade d’une croissance soutenable à partir d’un secteur parmi d’autres, le tourisme. Auparavant, il s'agirait d'apprécier l'importance économique de ce secteur et connaître les mécanismes par lesquels les principales variables sociales et économiques influencent ses activités multiples. Une véritable analyse des déterminants de l'offre et de la demande touristique et des produits et marchés touristiques aurait permis de mieux apprécier son rôle en qualité de seconde richesse éventuelle après les hydrocarbures. Le manque de données fiables ne le permet pas pour l'instant. En tous cas, nous allons tenter d'en apprécier l'importance à travers les trois questions essentielles d'économistes : pourquoi, comment et quoi. Tenter d'y répondre, c'est faire un premier pas vers la recherche des solutions qui faciliteraient le processus de développement durable du tourisme en Algérie.



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