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PARA POLİTİKASININ FİNANSAL İSTİKRARI SAĞLAMA - SÜRDÜRME SORUMLULUĞU: FİNANSAL İSTİKRARA YÖNELİK GELENEKSEL – SPESİFİK PARA POLİTİKASI UYGULAMALARI

Responsibility Of Monetary Policy To Maintain And Sustain Financial Stability: Traditional – Specific Monetary Policy Applications Aiming Financial Stability

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Abstract (2. Language): 
The objective of this study is to establish the responsibility of maintaining and sustaining financial stability by monetary policy, and monetary policy applications aiming financial stability. According to this while the primary aim of Central Banks is to maintain price stability, their secondary aim is to maintain and sustain financial stability. From now on Central Banks have to operate in financial system as The Bank of Banks and the Final Credit Authority. In this context Central Banks have a broad range of responsibilities consisting of making regulations as to the liquidity aiming financial stability, maintaining an effective execution of the payment system, keeping credit sources available, joining effective supervision and regulation function, constructing the legal infrastructure, applying a short term interest rate policy and as a conclusion trying to decrease the financial stress.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu çalışmanın amacı para politikasının finansal istikrarı sağlama - sürdürme sorumluluğunu ve finansal istikrara yönelik para politikası uygulamalarını ortaya koymaktır. Buna göre günümüzde merkez bankalarının ana hedefi fiyat istikrarının sağlanması ikincil amacı ise finansal istikrarın sağlanması ve sürdürülmesidir. Merkez bankaları artık bankaların bankası ve son kredi mercii olarak finansal sistem içinde faaliyet sürdürmek durumundadırlar. Bu kapsamda merkez bankalarının finansal istikrara yönelik likidite ile ilgili düzenlemeler yapmak, Ödemeler sisteminin etkin çalışmasını sağlamak, kredi kanallarını açık tutmak, etkin denetim gözetim fonksiyonuna katılmak, yasal altyapı oluşturmak, kısa vadeli faiz politikası izlemek ve sonuç olarak finansal stresi azaltmaya çalışmak gibi çok geniş sorumlulukları bulunmaktadır.

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