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ALTERNATİF YAĞ BİTKİSİ : CRAMBE (Crambe abyssinica Hochst. ex R.E. Fries)

AN ALTERNATIVE OILSEED CROP : CRAMBE (Crambe abyssinica Hochst. ex R.E. Fries)

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Crambe [Crambe abyssinica (2n = 6x = 90)] is a member of the Brassicaceae family and is an annual oilseed plant of which seeds can be consumed. Crambe is not a well known species in Turkey although it is present in the country’s flora. Crambe is a new and promising oilseed crop for the industry because it contains 35-50 % oil in its seeds with an erucic acid content of 57 %. Crambe has a potential use in different areas of the industry such as biodiesel, oil industry and machine oil. In addition to that, seed cake after oil extraction can be used as an important feed for livestock .The industrial improvements and a wide range of people needs in developed countries led researchers seeking alternative products. So, high erucic acid content in its seeds makes Crambe as a preferable alternative agro-industrial material.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Crambe [Crambe abyssinica (2n = 6x = 90)] Brassicaceae familyası içerisinde yer alan ve bu familyada tohumları değerlendirilen, tek yıllık bir yağ bitkisidir. Crambe ülkemizde çok fazla tanınmamasına rağmen Türkiye doğal florasında doğal olarak bulunan bir bitki konumundadır. Endüstriyel alanda ümit veren, yeni bitkilerden birisi olan Crambe, tohumlarında % 35-60 oranında yağ ihtiva etmekte ve bu yağın da % 57’sini erusik asit oluşturmaktadır. Crambe bu özelliğinden dolayı, biyodizel, yağ sanayi, makine sanayisi gibi endüstrinin pek çok alanında kullanılmakta olup, ayrıca yağı alındıktan sonra kalan kısmı hayvanlar için önemli bir besin kaynağı olarak görülmektedir. Gelişmiş ülkelerde endüstriyel ilerlemenin sonucunda, insan ihtiyaçlarının artması ve bu ihtiyaçların çeşitlilik kazanması sebebiyle alternatif ürünlerin arayışı kaçınılmaz olmuştur. Bu bağlamda Crambe bitkisinde bulunan yüksek erusik asit bu bitkinin tercih edilen alternatif ürünlerden birisi olmasına olanak sağlamıştır.
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