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On the Intrinsic Value of the Land: Terry Tempest Williams' Refuge: An Unnatural History of Family and Place

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Since th e times of Henry David Thoreau, American nature writing has emphasized the intrinsic value of nature and of wildlife. And yet, the political discourse still retains an anthropocentric stance and confers utilitarian value to the land and to nonhuman life on earth. Leading American conservationist and nature writer, Terry Tempest Williams' Refuge: An Unnatural History of Family and Place (1991), draws attention to this paradox in the conception of the land. Williams, in Refuge, chronicling the devastation inflicted on human life and on the intrinsically valuable land by the atmospheric nuclear testing between the years 1951-1962, and the underground nuclear testing after 1963 in the Nevada Test Site, revolts against her culture that lacks a "land ethic." The argument derives from the fact that the work upholds a Leopoldian expanded community concept that changes the role of man in the biota "from conqueror of the land-community to plain member and citizen of it."
Abstract (Original Language): 
Amerikan doğa yazınında, doğa ve yaban hayat Henry David Thoreau'dan günümüze özsel değere sahiptir. Ancak politik söylemde doğaya insanmerkezci ve faydacı bir bakış hala süregelmektedir. Amerika'nın önde gelen kaynak korumacılarından ve doğa yazarlarından Terry Tempest Williams'ın Sığınak: Aile ve Çevrenin Doğal Olmayan Tarihi (1991) adlı eseri bu çelişkiye dikkat çeker. Williams, bu eserinde, Amerika Birleşik Devletleri'nin 1951-1962 yılları arasında Nevada çölündeki nükleer deneme alanında yaptığı 100'ün üzerinde nükleer testin ve 1963'ten sonra aynı bölgede devam eden yeraltı nükleer testlerinin insana ve özsel değere sahip doğaya getirdiği yıkımı anlatırken toprak etiği olmayan bir kültüre başkaldırır. Zira, eserin bütününde, insanın biyotik topluluk içindeki rolünü "toprağın fatihi" olmak yerine "toprağın sade bir üyesi" olarak gören Leopold'cu genişletilmiş toplum anlayışı vardır.

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