You are here

Islamic Economic System, Poverty and Insurgency: From Zakāh Distribution to Capacity Building

Journal Name:

Publication Year:

Author NameUniversity of Author
Abstract (2. Language): 
Previous studies on Zakāh administration have addressed the issue of distribution of Zakāh funds to reduce the sufferings of the poor. The purpose of this work, however, is to argue for a change from Zakāh distribution to capacity building approach so as to change the condition of the poor and the needy from being Zakāh recipients to Zakāh payers. The fact remains that Nigeria is a rich nation but its people are poor. Many factors have been adduced to be the causes of poverty and perennial insurgency in Nigeria. It is observed that Zakāh is not administered as it ought in Nigeria. The study proffered efficient Zakāh institution as an effective antidote to curb the menace of poverty and insecurity. The paper argues through poverty alleviation model that if Zakāh is properly managed and disbursed judiciously, many destitute would be saved from the cloak of unscrupulous politicians and half-baked scholars who use them to destabilize the country. The study also believed that if Zakāh authority could be sending the poor to training centers to gain certain skills or financing their children’s education; this would improve their living condition. The study utilized historical and ideological framework, while relying on secondary sources.



Abdurahman, Ahmad (2012). “Zakat Institution in Malaysia: Problems and
Issues”. GJAT: Global Journal Al-Thaqafah. Vol. 2, Issue 1. Pp. 35-
Adebayo, Rafiu (2011), “Zakat and Poverty Alleviation: A Lesson for Fiscal
Policy Makers in Nigeria”. Journal of Islamic Economics, Banking and
Finance, vol. 7. 26. Pp.25-42.
Adeoye, M. N. (2005a), “Terrorism: An Appraisal in Nigerian Context” in A.
S. Alanamu (eds.) Issues in Political Violence in Nigeria. Ilorin:
Hamson Communications. Pp. 56-78.
Adeoye, M. N. (2005b). “Terrorism: A Definitional Analysis”. National
Pilot. Vol. 2, No 5. P.1.
Akmar, S. (2011). “Prophetic Best Practices in Business for Human
Capital Development”, GJAT: Global Journal Al-Thaqafah. Vol. 1,
Issue 1. Pp. 7-14.
Alanamu, Saadu (2007). “Islamic Banking and Microfinance in Malaysia: A
Modest Approach for Nigeria”. Al-Fikr: Journal of Arabic and Islamic
Studies, Ibadan. Vol. 20. Pp. 11-21.
Ali, M. M. (1986). The Religion of Islam. (New Delhi: Taj Company). Pp.
Ali, T. M. (1987). “Towards a Definition of Terrorism”. Al-Tawhid. Vol. 5,
No 1. Pp. 9-12.
Ayuba, M.A. (2011) "The Position of the Muslim Family in the Moral
Reconstruction of Nigerian Society" JORAC: Journal of Religion and
African Culture, Akungba, Nigeria. 3, 63-72.
Gidado, S. I. (2003). “The Significance of Zakah and Waqf and their
Administration under an Islamic Economic System”, in Sulaiman S.
and Galadanci B, S. (eds.), Islamic Banking and Finance: General
Framework and Case Studies, Kano. P. 45.
Hassan, Kabir (2009). “An Integrated Poverty Alleviation Model Combining
Zakah, Awqaf and Microfinance”. Paper Presented at the First
National Muslim Summit , Ghana. Pp. 261-267.
72 International Journal of Islamic Economics and Finance Studies
Hassan, Kabir and Khan, J. M. (2007). “Zakah as a Tool for Poverty
Alleviation in Bangladesh”. Paper Presented at the 7th International
Conference on the Tawhidi Epistemology, Zakat and Waqf Economy,
Bangi. P.18.
Hossain, M. Z. (2012). “Zakah in Islam: A Powerful Poverty Alleviating
Instrument for Islamic Countries”. International Journal of Economic
Development, Research and Development . Vol. 3, No 1. Pp. 1-11.
Haykal, M. (1982). Life of Muhammad, Lagos: Islamic Publications
Bureau. Pp. 7-10.
Mika’ilu, A. S. (2000). “A Reflection of Phenomenon of Poverty in Nigeria
and the Islamic Framework for Reform”. Al-Ijtihad: The Journal of
Islamization of Knowledge and Contemporary Issues. Vol. 1, No 2.
Kano. Pp. 8-9.
Nathan (2004), “Microfinance and Poverty Reduction in Uganda:
Achievements and Challenges” Economic Policy Research Centre . No
41. Pp. 11-20.
Nazdri, Ahmad (2012). “Zakah and Poverty Alleviation: Role of Zakah
Institution in Malaysia”. International Journal of Arts and Commerce .
Vol. 1, No 7. Pp. 61-71.
Orebanjo, A. O. (2000). Introduction to Business Administration, Ado-Ekiti:
University of Ado-Ekiti Publications. Pp. 12-15.
Qaradawi, Yusuf (1999). Fiqh Az-Zakah (A Comparative Study of the Rules,
Regulations and Philosophy of Zakah in the Light of the Qur’an and
Sunnah) . London: Dar Al-Taqwa Ltd. Pp. 34-89.
Shittu, Balogun (2013). “Viable Zakah Foundation: Efficient Antidote to
Poverty Alleviation and Perennial Insurgency in Nigeria”. NATAIS:
Journal of Nigeria Association of Teachers of Arabic and Islamic
Studies. Vol. 16. Ilorin. Pp. 23-27.
Usmani, M. T. (1999). An Introduction to Islamic Finance, Lagos: Al-Aminu
Publication. Pp. 23-24.
Wilson, R. (1997). “Islamic Banking and Finance”. The Middle East and
North Africa. 43rd ed. London: Europe Publications Limited. Pp. 23-

Thank you for copying data from