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THE EUROPEAN UNION’S BLACK SEA REGION POLICY AVRUPA BİRLİĞİ’NİN KARADENİZ BÖLGESİ POLİTİKASI

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Abstract (2. Language): 
After accession of Romania and Bulgaria to the EU in 2007, the Black Sea region has become more important for the European Union. First of all, the European Union attaches much importance to stability and security in the Black Sea region. Because, there are many security problems which could easily affect the European Union such as terrorism, organized crime, “Frozen Conflicts” and illegal migration in this region. On the other hand, energy and transportation routes in this region are very important for the EU’s energy security. Furthermore, there are important trade and economic relations between the European Union and the countries of the region. The EU supports to the countries of the region in their efforts making economic and political reforms and provides supports to their economic development efforts. In this context, “European Neighbourhood Policy”, “Black Sea Synergy” Programme and “Eastern Partnership” are most important instruments in the EU’s policies towards the Black Sea region
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bulgaristan ve Romanya’nın AB’ye girmesinden sonra, Karadeniz Bölgesi Avrupa Birliği için daha önemli hale geldi. İlk olarak, Avrupa Birliği Karadeniz Bölgesi’nde istikrar ve güvenliğe çok önem vermektedir. Çünkü bu bölgede terörizm, organize suçlar, “Dondurulmuş Çatışmalar”, yasadışı göç gibi pek çok güvenlik sorunu vardır. Öte yandan, bu bölgedeki enerji ve ulaşım yolları AB’nin enerji güvenliği açısından çok önemlidir. Bundan başka, Avrupa Birliği ile bölge ülkeleri arasında önemli ticari ve ekonomik ilişkiler vardır. AB bölge ülkelerini siyasi ve ekonomik reformlarını gerçekleştirme çabalarında onları desteklemekte ve ekonomik kalkınma çabalarına destek olmaktadır. Bu kapsamda, “Avrupa Komşuluk Politikası”,“Karadeniz Sinerjisi” ve “Doğu Ortaklığı” AB’nin Karadeniz Bölgesi’ne yönelik politikalarında en önemli araçlardır.

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