You are here

Mutluluk Korkusu Ölçeği’nin Türkçe Formunun Geçerlik ve Güvenirliği

The Validity and Reliability of Turkish Version of Fear of Happiness Scale

Journal Name:

Publication Year:

Keywords (Original Language):

Abstract (2. Language): 
The aim of this study was to adapt The Fear of Happiness Scale developed by Jashanloo in 2013 into Turkish and to examine validity and reliability of the scale. The sample of this study consisted of 283 university students. The results of confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated that the five items loaded on one factor and the uni-dimensional model was well fit. Factor loadings ranged between .71 and .92. The internal consistency reliability coefficient of the scale was calculated as .90. The corrected item-total correlations ranged between .65 and .83. The negative correlations among fear of happiness, life satisfaction and subjective happiness could be taken as evidence for the criterion-related validity of the FHS. These results show that FHS is a valid and reliable scale and can be used in scientific studies in Turkey.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu çalışmanın amacı Joshanloo tarafından 2013 yılında geliştirilmiş olan Mutluluk Korkusu Ölçeği’ni Türkçe’ye uyarlamak ve ölçeğin geçerlik ve güvenirliğini incelemektir. Çalışma grubu 283 üniversite öğrencisinden oluşmaktadır. Doğrulayıcı faktör analizinde tek boyutlu modelin iyi uyum verdiği görülmüştür. Ölçekteki maddelerin faktör yükleri .71 ile .92 arasında değişmektedir. Ölçeğin iç tutarlılık güvenirlik katsayısı .90 olarak hesaplanmıştır. Ölçeğin madde toplam puan korelasyon katsayılarının .65 ile .83 arasında değiştiği görülmüştür. Mutluluk korkusu ile yaşam doyumu ve öznel mutluluk arasındaki negatif korelasyonlar ölçeğin ölçüt bağıntılı geçerliğini ortaya koymuştur. Araştırmanın sonuçları Mutluluk Korkusu Ölçeğinin Türkçe formunun geçerli güvenilir bir ölçme aracı olduğunu ve Türkiye’de yürütülecek bilimsel araştırmalarda kullanılabileceğini göstermektedir.

REFERENCES

References: 

Akın, A. ve Satıcı, S. A. (2011). Öznel Mutluluk Ölçeği: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Sakarya
Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 21, 65-77.
Begum, S., Jabeen, S. ve Awan, A. B. (2014). Happiness: A psycho-philosophical appraisal. Dialogue,
9(3), 314.
Bond, M. H., Leung, K., Au, A., Tong, K.-K., de Carrasquel, S. R., Murakami, F., . . . Lewis, J. R.
(2004). Culture-level dimensions of social axioms and their correlates across 41 Cultures. Journal
of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 35, 548-570.
Braun, S. (2000). The Science of happiness: Unlocking the mysteries of mood. New York: John
Wiley and Sons.
Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2011). Sosyal bilimler için veri analizi el kitabı: İstatistik, araştırma deseni SPSS
uygulamaları ve yorum. Ankara: Pegem A Yayıncılık.
Chen, Y. H. (2006). The way of nature as a healing power. İçinde T. P. Wong ve C. J. Wong (Eds.),
Handbook of multicultural perspectives on stress and coping (s. 91–103). New York: Springer
Christopher, J. C. ve Hickinbottom, S. (2008). Positive psychology, ethnocentrism, and the disguised
ideology of individualism. Theory & Psychology, 18(5), 563-589.
Diener, E. (2000). Subjective well-being: The science of happiness and a proposal for a national
index. American Psychologist, 55(1), 34-43.
Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Laresen, R. J. ve Griffin, S. (1985) The Satisfaction with Life Scale.
Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 71-75.
Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E. ve Smith, H. L. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three decades
of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125(2), 276–302.
Eid, M. ve Diener, E. (2001). Norms for experiencing emotions in different cultures: Inter-and intranational
differences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81(5), 869–885.
Freedman, J. (1978). Happy people: What happiness is, who has it, and why. New York: Harcourt
Brace Jovanovich.
Feldman, G. C., Joormann, J. ve Johnson, S. L. (2008). Responses to positive affect: A self-report
measure of rumination and dampening. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 32, 507-525.
Frey, B. S. ve Stutzer, A. (2002). Happiness and economics: How the economy and institutions
affect human well-being. Princeton University Press.
Mutluluk Korkusu Ölçeği’nin Türkçe Formunun Geçerliği ve Güvenirliği... 2069
September 2016 Vol:24 No:4 Kastamonu Education Journal
Fromm, E. (1994). Erdem ve mutluluk: Ahlak psikolojisi üzerine bir inceleme. İstanbul: Türkiye İş
Bankası Kültür Yayınları.
Haybron, D. M. (2008). Philosophy and the science of subjective well-being. İçinde M. Eid ve R. J.
Larsen (Eds.), The science of subjective well-being (s. 17–43). New York, NY:Guilford Press.
Gilbert, P., McEwan, K., Catarino, F., Baião, R. ve Palmeira, L. (2014). Fears of happiness and
compassion in relationship with depression, alexithymia, and attachment security in a depressed
sample. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 53(2), 228-244.
Gilbert, P., McEwan, K., Gibbons, L., Chotai, S., Duarte, J. ve Matos, M. (2012). Fears of compassion
and happiness in relation to alexithymia, mindfulness, and self‐criticism. Psychology and
Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 85(4), 374-390.
Joshanloo, M. (2013). The influence of fear of happiness beliefs on responses to the satisfaction with
life scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 54, 647-651.
Joshanloo, M. (2014). Eastern conceptualizations of happiness: Fundamental differences with Western
views. Journal of Happiness Studies, 15(2), 475-493.
Joshanloo, M., Lepshokova, Z. K., Panyusheva, T., Natalia, A., Poon, W. C., Yeung, V. W. L., ...
ve Jiang, D. Y. (2014). Cross-cultural validation of fear of happiness scale across 14 national
groups. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 45(2), 246-264.
Joshanloo, M. ve Weijers, D. (2013). Religiosity’s moderation effect on the relationship between
inequality and subjective well-being across the globe, Unpublished Manuscript. 1 Haziran 2015
tarihinde http://www.danweijers.com/pdf/Income%20inequality%20religiosity%20and%20
happiness%20Joshanloo%20Weijers.pdf’den alınmıştır.
Köker, S. (1991). Normal ve sorunlu ergenlerin yaşam doyumu düzeyinin karşılaştırılması (Yayımlanmamış
Yüksek Lisans Tezi). Ankara Üniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Ankara.
Leung, K. ve Bond, M. H. (2008). Psycho-logic and eco-logic: Insights from social axiom dimensions.
İçinde F. van de Vijver, D. van Hemert, ve Y. P. Poortinga (Eds.), Individuals and cultures
in multilevel analysis (s. 199-221). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Lyubomirsky, S. ve Lepper, H. S. (1999). A measure of subjective happiness: Preliminary reliability
and construct validation. Social Indicators Research, 46, 37–155.
Lyubomirsky, S. Sheldon, K. M. ve Schkade, D. (2005). Pursuing happiness: The architecture of
sustainable change. Review of General Psychology, 9, 111–131.
Marsh, H. W., Hau, K. T., Artelt, C., Baumert, J. ve Peschar, J. L. (2006). OECD’s brief self-report
measure of educational psychology’s most useful affective constructs: Cross-cultural, psychometric
comparisons across 25 countries. International Journal of Testing, 6(4), 311-360.
Menon, U. (2012). Hinduism, happiness and wellbeing: a case study of adulthood in an Oriya Hindu
Temple Town. İçinde H. Selin ve G. Davey (Eds.), Happiness across cultures (Vol. 6, s.
417–434). The Netherlands: Springer.
Minami, H. (1971). Psychology of the Japanese people. Tokyo: University of Tokyo press.
Morris, S. (2012). The science of happiness: A cross-cultural perspective. İçinde H. Selin ve G.
Davey (Eds.), Happiness across cultures (Vol. 6, s. 435–450). Netherlands: Springer.
Özgüven, E. (1994). Psikolojik testler. Ankara: Yeni Doğuş Matbaası.
Peng, K., Spencer-Rodgers, J. ve Nian, Z. (2006). Naïve dialecticism and the Tao of Chinese thought
indigenous and cultural psychology. İçinde U. Kim, K.-S. Yang ve K.- K. Hwang (Eds.),
Indigenous and cultural psychology: understanding people in context (s. 247–262): Springer
US.
2070 İbrahim DEMİRCİ, Halil EKŞİ, Selami KARDAŞ Duygu DİNÇER...
Eylül 2016 Cilt:24 No:4 Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi
Schermelleh-Engel, K. ve Moosbrugger, H., (2003). Evaluating the fit of structural equation models:
Tests of significance and descriptive goodness-of-fit measures. Methods of Psychological
Research Online, 8(2), 23-74.
Schwartz, S. H. (1994). Are there universal aspects in the structure and contents of human values?
Journal of Social Issues, 50(4), 19-45.
Smith, P. B., Peterson, M. F. ve Schwartz, S. H. (2002). Cultural values, sources of guidance, and
their relevance to managerial behavior. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 33, 188-208.
Suh, E. M. (2000). Self: The hyphen between culture and subjective well-being. İçinde E. Diener
ve E. M. Suh (Eds.), Culture and subjective well-being (s. 63–86). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Triandis, H. C., Bontempo, R., Leung, K. ve Hui, C. H. (1990). A method for determining cultural,
demographic, and personal constructs. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 21(3), 302–318.
Uchida, Y., Norasakkunkit, V. ve Kitayama, S. (2004). Cultural constructions of happiness: theory
and emprical evidence. Journal of Happiness Studies, 5(3), 223– 239.
Yetim, Ü. (1993). Life satisfaction: A study based on the organization of personal projects. Social
Indicators Research, 29(3), 277-289.

Thank you for copying data from http://www.arastirmax.com