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Toplumsal Cinsiyet Eşitliği ve BIT’ in Çocuk Gelişimi Üzerine Etkisi: Bir Kesit Veri Analizi

The Impact of Gender Equality and ICT on Child Development: A Cross Country Analysis

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Abstract (2. Language): 
The study uses a cross-sectional data set collected in 2006 for 136 countries in order to examine the relationship between child development and its determinants, such as the gender equality, information communication technology (ICT), and institutional variables. We test whether the child development is related to gender equality, by using Gender Development Index (GDI) and Child Development Index (CDI) to take into account more than one dimension of gender equality and child development, respectively. The study finds that the impact of gender equality is most robust and significant variable in all regressions and its impact never disappears when control variables, such as the institutional quality and ICT, are incorporated into the regressions.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu çalışma çocuk gelişimi ile toplumsal cinsiyet eşitliği, bilgi iletişim teknolojileri (BIT), ve kurumsal değişkenler gibi çocuk gelişimi belirleyicilerinin arasındaki ilişkiyi incelemek amacıyla 136 ülke için 2006 yılı kesit veri seti kullanılarak yapılmıştır. Çalışmamızda çocuk gelişiminin toplumsal cinsiyet eşitliği ile ilgili olup olmadığı, çocuk gelişimi ve toplumsal cinsiyetin birden fazla boyutunu ele alabilmek amacıyla, sırası ile Çocuk Gelişimi Endeksi (CDI) ve Toplumsal Cinsiyet Gelişim Endeksi (GDI) kullanılarak test edilmiştir. Çalışma, toplumsal cinsiyet eşitliğinin bütün regresyonlarda en güçlü ve en önemli değişken olduğunu ve etkisinin kurumsal kalite ve BIT gibi kontrol değişkenlerinin regresyona dahil edildiği durumda bile asla kaybolmadığını göstermiştir.

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