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Çocukluk dönemi şişmanlığında sağlıklı beslenme ve yaşam biçimi önerileri

Suggestions for healthy eating habits and life style changes for the childhood obesity

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DOI: 
doi:10.2399/tahd.11.139

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Author NameUniversity of AuthorFaculty of Author
Abstract (2. Language): 
The prevalence of obesity all over the world is rapidly increasing in adulthood, as well as in childhood. As obesity is a complex dis¬ease, no single primary/secondary intervention is effective in pre¬venting obesity. Three main topics may help health professionals: preventing excess weight gain, defining excess weight and relat¬ed health risks, intervention by education and recommendations. It is important to prefer foods with lower glycemic index. Decreasing the time spent on television/computer (less than 2 hours daily), getting optimal sleep duration (8 hours and over daily) and reaching the school on foot or by riding a bicycle, rather than taking public transportation or a private car are some of the healthy the life-style interventions.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Tüm dünyada yetişkinlik ve çocuklukta şişmanlık sıklığı hızla artmaktadır. Karmaşık bir hastalık olan şişmanlıkta birincil ve ikincil korunma için hiçbir müdahale tek başına etkin değildir. Şişmanlıkla mücadelede üç ana başlık sağlık profesyonellerine yardımcı olabilir: Aşırı ağırlık alımını önleme, aşırı ağırlığı ve ilgili sağlık risklerinin erken dönemde tanısı, eğitim ve öneriler yoluyla müdahale. Sağlıklı beslenme için düşük glisemik indeksli besinlerin tercihi önemlidir. Yaşam biçimi değişiklikleri arasında ekran karşısında geçirilen sürenin azaltılması (günde iki saat ve daha az), günde se¬kiz saat ve üzerinde uyku, okula toplu taşıma/özel araba yerine olabildiğince yürüyerek/bisikletle gitme sayılabilir.

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