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Kavram Karikatürleri Destekli Probleme Dayalı Öğrenme Yönteminin İlköğretim 6.Sınıf Öğrencilerinin Fen Öğrenmeye Yönelik Motivasyonlarına Etkisi

TheEffect of Concept Cartoons Assısted Problem Based Learnıng Method on Motıvatıon About Scıence Learnıng of Secondary Students

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Problem based learning method is one of the active and student-centered learning methods that can be used in science and technology teaching based on constructivist approach. In problem based learning environments, students define the problems in scenario presented them, and then solve the problems. Problem based learning method can be more effective for primary and secondary students when teaching techniques such as concept cartoons helping students in solving problems are used in this process. So, in the study it is aimed at determining the effect of concept cartoons assisted problem based learning method on motivation about science learning of secondary students. In the study, two classes have been taken as experiment (n=29) and control (n=31) group and have been used pre test-post test quasiexperimental design. Lessons in experiment group have been carried out by using concept cartoons assisted problem based learning method. Lessons in control group have been carried out by using activities in science and technology curriculum. Questionnaire for motivation toward science learning has been used as data collecting tools in the study. In the result of analysis obtained data, it has been determined that there is a meaningful difference in favor of the experiment group with respect to students’ motivation about science learning.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Probleme dayalı öğrenme yöntemi, yapılandırmacı yaklaşıma dayalı fen ve teknoloji öğretiminde kullanılabilecek öğrenci merkezli, aktif öğrenme yöntemlerinden biridir. Probleme dayalı öğrenme ortamlarında öğrenciler kendilerine sunulan senaryodaki problemi belirlemekte, daha sonra problemi çözüme ulaştırmaktadırlar. Bu süreçte kavram karikatürleri gibi öğrencilerin problemleri çözmelerinde onlara yol gösterecek öğretim tekniklerinin kullanılması probleme dayalı öğrenme yöntemini ilköğretim öğrencileri için daha etkili hale getirebilir. Bu nedenle bu araştırmada kavram karikatürleri destekli probleme dayalı öğrenme yönteminin fen ve teknoloji öğretiminde kullanılmasının ilköğretim öğrencilerinin fen öğrenmeye yönelik motivasyonları üzerindeki etkisinin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Araştırmada öntest-sontest kontrol gruplu yarı deneysel desen kullanılmış, biri deney (n=29) biri kontrol (n=31) olmak üzere iki sınıf rasgele olarak seçilmiştir. Deney grubunda dersler kavram karikatürleri destekli probleme dayalı öğrenme yöntemiyle, kontrol grubunda ise sadece fen ve teknoloji öğretim programında yer alan etkinlik ve uygulamalarla işlenmiştir. Araştırmada veri toplama aracı olarak “Fen öğrenmeye yönelik motivasyon ölçeği” kullanılmıştır. Elde edilen verilerin analizi sonucunda öğrencilerin fen öğrenmeye yönelik motivasyonları arasında deney grubu lehine anlamlı bir farklılık olduğu belirlenmiştir.

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