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EKTOMİKORİZANIN TARIM VE ORMANCILIK BAKIMINDAN ÖNEMİ

IMPORTANCE OF ECTOMYCORRHIZA FOR AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Mycorrhiza is a mutualistic relationship based on the symbiosis between fungal mycelium and plant roots. In this association, the fungus gains carbon and other essential organic substances from the tree and in return helps the trees take up water, mineral salts and metabolites. Ectomycorrhiza is an important type of mycorrhiza in agriculture and forestry. Ectomycorrhizal fungi are, economically, one of the most important groups of fungi. In many ecosystems, they are the most important members of microbial biomass in the soil. In this review, description of ectomycorrhiza, factors affecting ectomycorrhiza and their importance for agriculture and forestry have been discussed.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Mikoriza, mantar miselleri ile yüksek bitkilerin kökleri arasındaki karşılıklı yararlanmaya dayanan bir ilişkidir. Bu ilişkide mantar bitkiden karbon ve esansiyel organik maddeleri temin ederken, bunun karşılığında bitkiye su, mineral tuzlar ve metabolitlerin alımında yardımcı olmaktadır. Ektomikoriza ise mikorizanın tarım ve ormancılık açısından önemli bir tipidir. Ektomikorizal mantarlar ekonomik açıdan mantarların en önemli gruplarından biridir. Birçok ekosistemde ektomikorizal mantarlar topraktaki mikrobiyal kitlenin en önemli üyelerindendir. Bu makalede ektomikorizanın tanımı, ektomikoriza oluşumunu etkileyen faktörler ve tarımsal açıdan önemi üzerinde durulmuştur.

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