Buradasınız

'Purification of Self': Ijtema as a New Islamic Pilgrimage

Journal Name:

Author Name
Abstract (2. Language): 
Tablighi Jamaat is one of the influential and widespread Islamic movements among the Muslims around the world, which is originated in northern part of India in 1920s by Moulana Muhammad Ilyas Kandhalawi (1885–1944). It has spread to some 165 countries, including Bangladesh. In Bangladesh, its annual three-day mass congregation, commonly known as ijtema near Dhaka attracts more than five million people. Ijtema is an essential part of the Tablighi Jamaat around the world. Ijtema plays a significant role on the lives of many Muslims in Bangladesh. The huge number of engaging people in ijtema shows its popularity. Many countries also celebrate this event in a similar way. The current paper argues that ijtema provides a new idea of pilgrimage among the Muslims in Bangladesh. This paper also shows that participation in ijtema increases religious authority, status and empowerment. Finally, it examines how does ijtema contributes on the Muslim identity through the idea of brotherhood and ummah.

REFERENCES

References: 

Ahmad, M. 2008. Islam, State and Society in Bangladesh, in J. L. Esposito, J. O. Voll
and O. Bakar (Ed.) Asian Islam in the 21st Century, pp. 49-80, New York: Oxford
University Press Inc.
Ahmed, R. 2001. The Emergence of the Bengal Muslims, in R. Ahmed (Ed.)
Understanding the Bengal Muslims: Interpretative Essays, pp. 1-25, Dhaka: The
University Press Ltd.
Alam, AZM. Shamsul. 1993. The Message of Tableeg and Da’wah, Islamic Foundation
Bangladesh: Dhaka.
Appadurai, Arjun. 1990. Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy
in Theory, Culture and Society, 7: 295-310.
Bertocci, Peter. 2001. Sufi movement in modern Bangladesh. Oakland Journal , 3:52-
73.
Bianchi Robert R. 2004. Guests of God: Pilgrimage and Politics in the Islamic World.
New York: Oxford University Press.
De, D. P. 1998. Bengal Muslims in Search of Social Identity 1905-47. Dhaka: The
University Press Ltd.
Durkheim, E. 1984. The division of labour in society. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
Ellickson, Jean. 2002. Local Saint vs. Contemporary Reformer: Religious Trends in
Bangladesh in S.M. Nurul Alam (Ed.) Contemporary Anthropology: Theory and
Practice, pp.197-210, Dhaka: The University Press Limited.
Grilo, Ralph. 2004. Islam and Transnationalism, Journal of Ethnic and Migration
Studies, 30:5, 861-878
Hannerz, Ulf. 1990. Cosmopolitans and Locals in World Culture in Theory, Culture
and Society, 7: 237-25.
Kramer, Gudrun and Schmidtke, Sabine. 2006. Introduction: Religious Authority and
Religious Authorities in Muslim Societies. A Critical Overview in Kramer,
Gudrun and Schmidtke, Sabine (ed.) Speaking For Islam: Religious Authorities
in Muslim Societies, pp. 1-14, BRILL: Leiden.
Madan, T.N. 1972. Two Faces of Bengali Ethnicity: Muslim Bengali or Bengali Muslim.
The Developing Economics, 10: 1: 74-85.
Marcus, G. E. 1995. Ethnography in/of the World System: The Emergence of Multi-
Sited Ethnography. Annual Review of Anthropology, 24: 95-117.
Masud, Muhammad. K. 2000. Introduction, in Muhammad Khalid Masud (Ed.),
Travellers in Faith: Studies of the Tablighi Jama’at as a Transnational Islamic
Movement for Faith Renewal, pp. xiii-1x, Leiden: Brill.
Metcalf, Barbara. 2003. Travelers' Tales in the Tablighi Jama‘at, Annals of the
American Academy of Political and Social Science, 588: 136-148.
Nadvi, Moulana.A.H.Ali. 2006. Hazrat Moulana Ilyas (R) O Tahar Deene Dawah,
Dhaka: Tablighi Foundation.
Esposito, John L. 2003. Oxford Dictionary of Islam, Oxford University Press Inc.
Oxford Reference Online.
http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t125.e22
95 . (Accessed in 28 June 2009 )
Rahim, E. 2001. Bengali Muslims and Islamic Fundamentalism: The Jamaat-I-Islami in
Bangladesh. in R. Ahmed (Ed.) Understanding the Bengal Muslims: Interpretative
Essays. pp. 236-262, Dhaka: The University Press Ltd.
Sikand, Y. 2002. The Origins and Development of the Tablighi-Jam'at (1920-2000): A
Cross Country Comparative Study. New Delhi: Orient Longman Pvt.
Sikand, Y. 2006. The Tablighi Jama‘at and Politics: A Critical Re-Appraisal. The
Muslim World. 96: 175-195.
Smith, Anthony D. 1990. Towards a Global Culture? in Theory, Culture and Society,
7: 171-91.
Tozy Mohamed. 2000. Sequences of Quest: Tablighi Jamaat in Morocco, in M. K.
Masud (Ed.) Travellers in Faith: Studies of the Tablighi Jama’at as a Transnational
Islamic Movement for Faith Renewal, pp. 161-173, Leiden: Brill.

Thank you for copying data from http://www.arastirmax.com