Buradasınız

ENHANCING QUALITY OF EDUCATION THROUGH E-LEARNING: The Case Study of Allama Iqbal Open University

Journal Name:

Publication Year:

Abstract (2. Language): 
Education is the driving force for economic and social development in any country. Considering this, it is necessary to find ways to make quality education, accessible and affordable to all, using the latest technology available. Unfortunately, Pakistan has not been able to take advantage of the possibilities offered by e-learning. Major reasons for this are institutional and technical infrastructure, culture, computer literacy and access. Although government‘s commitment to promote e-learning in the country is encouraging and initiatives such as the establishment of the Virtual University (VU) are commendable, Pakistan has yet to go a long way in reaching the unique socio-economic benefits of e-learning. Allama Iqbal Open University is providing ‗Education for All‘ through distance education from basic (functional) literacy to higher education (PhD) level. The aim of this paper is to present the case study of Allama Iqbal Open University in accordance with the strategies and adoption of e-learning. This case study focuses on different dimensions including concept and rational of e-learning, its significance and quality education, efforts made by Allama Iqbal Open University for the enhancing quality of education through e-learning.

REFERENCES

References: 

Abdon B. R. and Raab R.T., 2001, ‗Making e-Learning Work in the Asia Pacific: Lessons Learned‘, Asia Pacific Regional Technology Centre, Available at http://www.sdlearn.net/APRTC/occasional_papers/itirap.htm Adeel Kashif (2005). E-Learning Evolution in a Developing Country– An In-Depth Study, 4th European Conference on e-Learning Amsterdam, The Netherlands 10-11 November 2005.
AIOU, (2007). Brief History, Allama Iqbal Open University, http://www.aiou.edu.pk/BriefHistory.asp Akpan. C. P. & Esirah, E. (2005). Strategies for Realistic Quality Assurance in Knowledge Generation in Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria. In N. Ezeh & N. Onyegegbu (eds). Alamdar K. (2007). The Education System and prospects for e-learning in Pakistan; MKFC, Stockholm College Stockholm. Allama Iqbal Open University (2007). The vice-chancellor‘s annual report 2007-08. Islamabad : Allama Iqbal Open University Press. Asim, A. E & Okon, J. E. (2005). Strategizing For Realistic Quality Assurance in the Nigerian University System. In D.N. Ezeh & N. Onyegegbu (eds). Knowledge Generation and Dissemination: Issues and Challenges in Nigerian Universities. Enugu: Pearls & Gold. Asogwa, U. D. (2007). E-Learning: A Panacea for Access, Equity and Quality in Higher Education in Nigeria. In J.B Babalola, G.O. Akpa, A.O. Ayeni & S.O. Adedeji (eds) Access, Equity and Quality in Higher Education. NAEAP Publication.
95
Awan and Ali (2006). Academic Audit of AIOU 2006, Allama Iqbal Open University. Islamabad : Allama Iqbal Open University Press. Bhattacharya, I. & Sharma, K. (2007), 'India in the knowledge economy – an electronic paradigm', International Journal of Educational Management Vol. 21 No. 6. Bottino, R. M. (2003),'ICT, national policies, and impact on schools and teachers' development' 'CRPIT '03: Proceedings of the 3.1 and 3.3 working groups conference on International federation for information processing', Australian Computer Society, Inc., Darlinghurst, Australia, Australia, 3-6. Cavanaugh C. (2010). Distance Education Quality; University of North Florida, USA. Chandra, S. & Patkar, V. (2007). 'ICTS: A catalyst for enriching the learning process and library services in India', The International Information & Library Review 39(1), 1-11. Cholin, V. S. (2005). 'Study of the application of information technology for effective access to resources in Indian university libraries', The International Information & Library Revie. Cross, M. & Adam, F. (2007). 'ICT Policies and Strategies in Higher Education in South Africa: National and Institutional Pathways', Higher Education Policy 20(1), 73-95.
Cysewski Stephen (2010).E Learning Ideas; Retrieved on 21 March 2010 http://www.cysewski.com/sabbatical/elearningexamples Fadipe & D. K. Ojedele (eds) Management of Nigerian Education: Personnel Administration and Quality in Education. NIEPA, Nigeria. Fadipe, J. O. (2000). Efficiency Indicators for Quality Control in Nigerian School System. In J.O Fadipe & D.K. Ojedele (eds) Management of Nigerian Education: Personnel Administration and Quality in Education. NIEPA, Nigeria. Govt. of Pakistan (2008). Pakistan Economic Survey 2007-08, Ministry of Finance Pakistan.
Govt. of Pakistan (2010). Ministry of Education Pakistan. http://www.moe.gov.pk/
HEC, (2006). ‗E-Learning‘, Higher Education Commission, Government of Pakistan, Retrieved on http://www.hec.gov.pk/new/eReforms/e-Learning.htm Higher Education Academy (2003). Embedding Sustainable Development in the Higher Education Economics Curriculum , ILRT, University of Bristol, 8-10 Berkeley Square, Bristol BS8 1HH. Khan A. W. (2007). Education in and for the Information Society, UNESCO Publications for the World Summit on the Information Society, 7, place F-75352 Paris. Knowledge Generation and Dissemination; Issues and Challenges in Nigerian Universities. Enugu: Pearls & Gold.
96
Lim, C. P. & Chai, C. (2004), 'An activity-theoretical approach to research of ICT integration in Singapore schools: Orienting activities and learner autonomy', Computers & Education. Lim, C. P. & Hang, D. (2003), 'An activity theory approach to research of ICT integration in Singapore schools', Computers & Education 41(1), 49--63. Lindsay, A. (1992). Concepts of Quality in Higher Education, Journal of Tertiary Education Administration 14(2): 153-163. Lucey, T. (2005). Management Information System (9th Edition). Book Power.
Luleå (2001). Computer based e-learning retrieved on http://www.outreach.utk.edu/weblearning Maduewesi, E. J. (2005). Benchmarks and Global Trends in Education. Benin City, Nigeria. Dasylva. Mason, R. (2000), 'From distance education to online education', The Internet and Higher Education 3(1-2), 63-74. Mooij, T. (2007), 'Design of educational and ICT conditions to integrate differences in learning: Contextual learning theory and a first transformation step in early education', Computers in Human Behavior 23(3), 1499-1530. Okebukola, P. (2005). Quality Assurance in the Nigerian University System. Keynote address Presented at the 2005 Fellowship Seminar /Award of the Curriculum Organization of Nigeria held at the University of Jos, Nigeria on 6th April, 2005. Ortiz J. (2001). E-Learning: effects and demands on students and teachers; E-Learning; IBS 2001 Helsinki, 26 - 30 Sep 2001. Plomp, T.; Pelgrum, W. J. & Law, N. (2007), 'SITES2006-International comparative survey of pedagogical practices and ICT in education', Education and Information Technologies12. PTA (2006). Annual Report 2006, Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA), pp 14, Islamabad. PTA. (2007). Pakistan has 12 Million Internet Users‘, Press Release, 1st January, 2007, retrieved from http://www.app.com.pk/en/index.php [February04, 2010]. PTA. (2007a). Cellphone Users Jump by 145pc‘, Press Release, 17th January 2007, retrieved from http://www.app.com.pk/en/index.php [February04, 2010].
Reddi U. V. & Mishra S. (2005). ‗Perspectives on Distance Education: Educational Media in Asia‘, Commonwealth of Learning, Vancouver, Retrieved on 14 March 2010 at http://www.col.org/colweb/webdav/site/myjahiasite/shared/docs/EdMedia_As...
97
Ruth Clark (2002). Six Principles of Effective e-Learning: What Works and Why, The eLearning Guild‘s Learning Solutions; S September 10, 2002: 375 E Street, Santa Rosa, CA. Sanyal, B. C. (2001). New functions of higher education and ICT to achieve education for all, Paper prepared for the Expert Roundtable on University and Technology-for- Literacy and Education Partnership in Developing Countries, International Institute for Educational Planning, UNESCO, September 10 to 12, Paris. Siddiqui Z. H. (2007). Promoting E-Learning in Pakistan: Strategies and Challenges, Working Paper no. 130, ISSN 1474-3280, Development Planning Unit, University College London, London, UK. Turkish on-Line Journal of Distance Education 7 (1) http//tojde.anadolu.edu.tr. UNESCO (2002). Open and Distance Learning: Trends, Policy and Strategy Consideration. University System. In D.N. Ezeh & N. Onyegegbu (eds). Knowledge Generation and Dissemination: Issues and Challenges in Nigerian Universities. Enugu: Pearls & Gold. Yusuf, M. O. (2006). Problems and Prospects of Open and Distance Education in Nigeria.

Thank you for copying data from http://www.arastirmax.com