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İyi ve Zayıf Okuyucuların Üstbilişsel Okuma Becerilerinin İncelenmesi: Bir Durum Çalışması

Investigation of Metacognitive Reading Skills of Good and Poor Readers: A Case Study

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Abstract (2. Language): 
The purpose of the present study is to investigate the metacognitive reading skills demonstrated by good and poor readers while reading. In the study, case study method was employed to investigate the metacognitive reading skills. The present study was conducted with 8 fourth grade students from the city of Aksaray in 2012. The data related to metacognitive reading skills of the participants were collected through Ekwall/ Shanker Reading Inventory, check list and observations. For the analysis of the data, the notes were organized, encoded, summarized and interpreted by analyzing the information in the check list and observation records. At the end of the study, it was found that metacognitive reading skills vary depending on reading levels. In light of this finding, it was concluded that young children use many reading strategies unconsciously as they are not aware of them.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu araştırmanın amacı iyi ve zayıf okuyucuların okuma sırasında gösterdikleri üstbilişsel okuma becerilerini incelemektir. Araştırmada, öğrencilerin üstbilişsel okuma becerilerini incelemek amacıyla durum çalışması kullanılmıştır. Bu araştırma 2012 yılında Aksaray ilinde sekiz dördüncü sınıf öğrencisiyle yürütülmüştür. Katılımcıların üstbilişsel okuma becerilerine ilişkin veriler, Ekwall/Shanker okuma envanteri, kontrol listesi ve gözlem yoluyla elde edilmiştir. Verilerin analizi için alan notları düzenlenmiş, kontrol listesinde yer alan bilgiler ve gözlem kayıtları ile elde edilen veriler incelenerek kodlanmış, özetlenmiş ve yorumlanmıştır. Araştırmanın sonucunda, okuma düzeylerine göre üstbilişsel okuma becerilerinin farklılaştığı görülmüştür. Bu sonuç doğrultusunda, küçük yaşlarda çocukların okumaya ilişkin birçok strateji kullandığını ancak bunların farkında olmadığı kanısına varılabilir.

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