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Çocuk Cinsel İstismarı : Sıklığı, Etkileri ve Okul Temelli Önleme Yolları

Child Sexual Abuse: Prevalence, Effects and School Based Prevention

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Child sexual abuse is a complex and serious phenomena that causes short and long term debilitating effects on individuals and their quality of life and life satisfaction. Last three decades child sexual abuse (prevalence, effects and prevention methods) has been very important multidisciplinary topic in academic field in North American developed countries but In our country, Turkey there are not sufficient studies related to prevalence, effects and prevention of child sexual abuse. In this study child sexual abuse reviewed considering prevalence, effects on child and prevention in the light of literature. The last part of article has been suggesting and stressing urgently intervention school-based prevention programs child sexual abuse to prevent child sexual abuse.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Çocuk cinsel istismarı nedenleri karmaşık, kısa ve uzun vadede psikolojik yönden ağır olumsuz sonuçların yaşanmasına, bireyin yaşam kalitesini ve yaşam doyumunu olumsuz etkilemeye neden olan ciddi bir sosyal problemdir. Amerika Birleşik Devletleri ve Kanada gibi ülkelerde cinsel istismarın sıklığı, çocuk üzerindeki kısa ve uzun süreli etkileri ve önleme yolları son 30 yıldan beridir önemli bir disiplinler arası çalışma alanı olmuştur. Ancak ülkemizde çocuğa yönelik cinsel istismarın sıklığı, etkileri ve önlenmesine ilişkin yeterli çalışmaların yapılmadığı gözlenmektedir. Bu çalışmada gelişmiş ülkelerde çocuğa yönelik cinsel istismarın görülme sıklığı, çocuk üzerindeki yıkıcı etkileri ve önleme çalışmaları ile ilgili alan yazın gözden geçirilmiş ve makalenin sonunda ülkemizde çocuk istismarı ile mücadelede okul temelli önleme müdahale programlarının uygulanmasının önemi belirtilmiştir.

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