You are here

Pekin Olimpiyatları Öncesi Kampa Katılan Türk Halter Kız Milli Takımının Beslenme ve Sağlık Profili -Ön Çalışma

The Nutrition and Health Profile of the Turkish Female National Weightlifting Team who attended to Pre-Camp of Beijing Olympics- Pilot Study

Journal Name:

Publication Year:

Keywords (Original Language):

Abstract (2. Language): 
In this study, National Turkish weightlifter female team who joined preparation camp before 2008 Beijing Olympiads nutrition habits, food intake, using of nutritional ergogenic aids, anthropometric measures and biochemical findings have been evaluated. Nine athletes who have been taken the camp participated to this study. The information were collected about their anthropometric (height, body weight, waist-hip circumference, waist / height ratio, body fat values) and biochemical measures, nutritional habits of the athletes. Total energy were evaluated by taking three days food consumption records of macro and micro-nutrient consumption and and analyzed with nutrition information program (BEBIS). All the parameters have been analysized as statistics, mean and standart deviations have been calculated. It has been determined that athletes haven’t intake sufficient energy, needs of macro and micro nutrition nutrients (especially, they have been consuming protein, carbohydrate, calcium, potassium, iron, folic acid and B1 vitamin insufficently), and their intake of fluid and fibre are insufficent. It has been found that athletes are using supplements (aminoacid, whey protein, multivitamin/mineral, tribulus terrestris, glucozamine chondroitin sulfate, gincgo bloba ve creatine) and they aren’t conscious enough using these products. Inspite of aminoacid and protein supports, it has been understood that intake doesn’t cover necessity. It has been found as average of athletes age is 19.7 ± 3.7 years, average of height is 156.7 ± 5.9 cm, average of body weight is 57.5 ± 10.4 kg, average of body mass index (BMI) is 23.2 ± 2.7 kg/m2, average of body fat percentage is %21.8 ± 5.9, average of body fat mass 13.0 ± 5.9 kg. It has been found that there were five athletes who are more heavier than body weight (3.2± 1.0 kg) by competition weight, and there is one athletes who has lower weight (4 kg) by competition weight. It has been concluded that athletes have needed more information about nutrition and using ergogenic aids.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu çalışmada, 2008 Pekin olimpiyatları öncesi hazırlık kampına katılan Türk halter kız milli takımının beslenme alışkanlıkları, besin tüketimleri, besinsel ergojenik destek kullanımları, antropometrik ölçümleri ve biyokimyasal bulguları değerlendirilmiştir. Çalışmaya kampa alınan 9 sporcu katılmıştır. Sporcuların antropometrik (boy uzunluğu, vücut ağırlığı, bel-kalça çevresi, bel/boy oranı, vücut yağ değerleri) ve biyokimyasal ölçümleri ile beslenme alışkanlıklarına yönelik bilgiler toplanmıştır. Toplam enerji, makro ve mikro besin öğesi tüketimleri 3 günlük besin tüketim kayıtları alınarak ve beslenme bilgi programı (BEBIS) ile analiz edilerek değerlendirilmiştir. Elde edilen tüm verilerin istatistiksel değerlendirmesi yapılmış, ortalama ve standart sapma değerleri alınmıştır. Sporcuların enerji, makro ve mikro besin öğeleri gereksinimlerini yeterli düzeyde karşılamadıkları (özellikle protein, karbonhidrat, kalsiyum, potasyum, demir, folik asit ve B1 vitaminini yetersiz tükettikleri), sıvı ve posa tüketimlerinin de yeterli düzeyde olmadığı saptanmıştır. Sporcuların beslenme destek ürünü (aminoasit, whey protein, multivitamin/mineral, tribulus, glukozamin kondrotin sülfat, ginkgo bloba ve kreatin) kullandıkları fakat kullanım düzeyleri konusunda yeterince bilinçli davranmadıkları bulunmuştur. Aminoasit ve protein desteklerine rağmen, tüketimin gereksinimi karşılamadığı belirlenmiştir. Sporcuların yaş ortalaması 19.7 ± 3.7 yıl, boy uzunluk ortalaması 156.7 ± 5.9 cm, vücut ağırlık ortalaması 57.5 ± 10.4 kg, vücut kütle indeksi (VKİ) ortalaması 23.2 ± 2.7 kg/m2, vücut yağ yüzdesi ortalamaları %21.8 ± 5.9, vücut yağ ağırlığı 13.0 ± 5.9 kg bulunmuştur. Vücut ağırlığı sıkletinden fazla olan 5 sporcu (3.2 ± 1.0 kg), düşük olan 1 sporcu (4 kg) olduğu saptanmıştır. Sporcuların gerek beslenmeleri gerekse ergojenik destek ürünü kullanımı konusunda daha fazla bilgilendirmeye gereksinimleri olduğu sonucuna varılmıştır.

REFERENCES

References: 

 Akbaba C., (2003) Searching of effects of nutrition habits on the success in wrestlers between12-18 age group, Nigde University, Licence thesis, Nigde.
 Baysal A., Baş M., (2008) Control of heaviness on adults, Turkey Dietitians Association, Express edition, first edition, Ankara.
 Baysal A., (2007) Nutrition, Hatiboğlu publishing house, 11.press, Ankara.
Özdemir G., Ersoy G. (2010). The Nutrition and Health Profile of the Turkish Female National Weightlifting
Team who attended to Pre-Camp of Beijing Olympics- Pilot Study. International Journal of Human
Sciences [Online]. 7:2. Available: http://www.InsanBilimleri.com/En
541
 Bilgiç P., (2003) To evaluate level of athletes and non-athletes’ body composition and their state of nutrition with serum leptin. Science Expertise thesis, Ankara.
 Conroy BP., Kraemer WJ., Maresh CM., Fleck SJ., Stone MH., Fry AC., et al. (1993) Bone mineral density in elite junior olympic weight lifters, Med Sci Sports Exerc Oct 25(10):1103-9.
 Dietary Reference Intakes for energy, carbohydrate, fiber, fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, protein, and amino acids (Macronutrients) http://books.nap.edu/catalog/10490html. (Access 20.05.2008 14:30)
 Ersoy G., (2007) Nutrition for child and young for athletes, Ata Ofset, Ankara.
 Fink HH., Burgoon LA., Mikesky AE., (2006) Practical Applications in Sports Nutrition. Jones and Bartlett Publishers: Canada.
 Fry AC., Bloomer RJ., Falvo MJ., Moore CA., Schilling BK., Weiss LW., (2006) Effect of a liquid multivitamin/mineral suplement on anaerobic exercise performance, Res Sports Med 14(1):53-64.
 Fry AC., Dragomır C., Fry MD., Leroux CD., Schilling BK., Chıu LZ., (2006) Anthropometric and performance variables discriminating elite American junior men weightlifters, J Strength Cond Res 20(4): 861-6.
 Güneş Z., (2005) A book of Sport and Nutrition-Trainer and Athletes, Nobel broadcast, fourth press: Ankara.
 Insel P., Turner RE., Ross D., (2004) Nutrition, American Dietetic Association, Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) for vitamins and minerals, second edition: USA.
 Jouhainen M., Lathien M., Penttile I., Nousianen H., (1985) Lipids and apolipoproteins A-I, B, C-II and different Rapid weight loss programs (weight lifters, wrestlers, boxor and judokas), Int JBiochem17(2):167-174.
 Kasap G., (1979) An investigation on habits of nutrition and health state of active wrestlers in Ankara region, Hacettepe University, Science Expertise Thesis, Ankara.
 Kerksick CM., Rasmussen CJ., Lancaster SL., Magu B., Smith P., Melton C., et al. (2006) The effects of protein and amino acid supplementation on performance and training adaptations during ten weeks of resistance training, J Strength Cond Res 20(3):643-53.
Özdemir G., Ersoy G. (2010). The Nutrition and Health Profile of the Turkish Female National Weightlifting
Team who attended to Pre-Camp of Beijing Olympics- Pilot Study. International Journal of Human
Sciences [Online]. 7:2. Available: http://www.InsanBilimleri.com/En
542
 Lıu JF., Chang WY., Chan KH., Stal WY., Lın CL., Hsu MC., (2005) Blood lipid peroxides and muscle damage increased foolwing intensive resistance training of female weightlifters, Ann.N.Y Acad. Sci 1042:255-261.
 Manore MM., (2000) Effect of physical activity on thiamine, riboflavin and vitamin B-6 requirements, Am J Clin Nutr 72 (suppl):598-606.
 Marquart LF., Sobal J., (1994) Weight loss beliefs, practices and support systems for high school wrestlers, J Adolesc Health 15(5):410-5.
 Mazloom Z., Salehi M., Eftekhari MH., (2008) Blood lipid and lipoprotein profile of female athletes with respect to their jobs and nutrients intake, Pakistan J of Biol Sci 11(1):142-4.
 Özel R., (1995) Searching of using doping methods and its widespreading in private weightlifters, Gazi University, licence thesis, Ankara.
 Pehlivan (Yar) İ. (1990) Effects of konstrate nutrition on the weightlifters with plazma lipid, lipoprotein and protein plasma lipid, lipoprotein, Hacettepe University, Science Expertise Thesis, Ankara.
 Rankin JW., Ocel JV., Craft LL., (1996) Effect of weight loss and refeeding diet composition on anaerobic performance in wrestlers, Med Sci Sports Exerc 28(10):1292-9.
 Ronsen O., Sundgot BJ., Maehlum S., (1999) Suplement use and nutritional habits in Norwegian elite athletes, Scand J Med Sci Sport :9:28- 35.
 Thorst EB, Grande JP, Garovic VD., (2006) Acute renal failure in a young weight lifter taking multiple food suplements, including creatine monohydrate, J Ren Nutr 16(4):341-5.
 Wolfe RR., (2000) Protein supplements and exercise, Am J Clin Nutr 72 (suppl):51-7.

Thank you for copying data from http://www.arastirmax.com