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Ayer’ın metafizik eleştirisi: Felsefenin çıkmaz sokağı olarak metafizik

Ayer’s critique of metaphysics: Metaphysics as dead end of philosophy

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Metaphysics, which is mentioned as the highest science by Aristotle, has lost its property of the queen of sciences more and more, afterwards it has been denied wherefore philosophy had been reduced to language analysis by philosophers in the Vienna Circle. Ayer has rejected metaphysics and he has argued that it had to be eliminated from philosophy because it was not be able to adapt to verifiability principle. Ayer’s purpose of verifiability is that to be proved something by experiment and observation. This, with Wittgensteinian statement, is to say drawing the picture of meaning or fact.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Aristoteles tarafından en üstün bilim olarak anılan metafizik, zamanla bilimlerin kraliçesi olma özelliğini yitirmiş ve Viyana Çevresi filozoflarınca felsefenin yalnızca dil analizine indirgenmesiyle birlikte tamamen yadsınmıştır. Ayer doğrulamacılık ilkesine uyarlanamadığı gerekçesiyle metafiziği reddetmiş ve onun felsefeden elenmesi gerektiğini savunmuştur. Ayer’ın doğrulamacılıktan kastı, deney ve gözlem yoluyla bir şeyin ortaya konulmasıdır. Bu da, Wittgensteincı deyişle, anlamın ya da olgunun resmini çizmek demektir.

REFERENCES

References: 

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