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GİRİŞİMCİLİK SÜRECİVE YENİLİK DEĞERİARASINDAKİBAĞ: BİLİŞSEL VE KURUMSAL FAKTÖRLER DAHİL KAVRAMSAL BİR MODEL

THE NEXUS BETWEEN ENTREPRENEURSHIP PROCESS AND VALUE OF INNOVATION: A CONCEPTUAL MODEL INCLUDING COGNITIVE AND INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS

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Abstract (2. Language): 
The paper introduces a theoretical framework to understand the nexus between entrepreneurship process and innovation. The paper focuses both the opportunity exploration phase, since it is essential and initial phase of the entrepreneurship process, and the opportunity exploitation phase, since it enhances the phase of entrepreneurship process by realizing the creativity and introducing the innovation. By defining the differences between the phases the paper also aims to separate the phases and put forward to different effects of cognitive and environmental factors on the phases. The paper is important since it focuses opportunity related phases of entrepreneurship and introduces a holistic and process based model for the future researches to investigate the link between entrepreneurship and innovation. The paper both emphasizes the role of entrepreneurship in innovation and explores the cognitive and institutional environmental factors, affecting the value of innovation. It is believed that increasing comprehension in the entrepreneurship process also increases the value of outcome which is called innovation.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Girişimcilik süreci ve yenilik arasındaki ilişkiyi kurmak amacıyla çalışmada, kavramsal bir model sunulmaktadır. Girişimci sürecin çıktısı olan yeniliğin değerinin, girişimci süreç tarafından belirlendiği hipoteziyle, çalışmada girişimcilik süreci; fırsatı algılama ve fırsatı değerlendirme olmak üzere iki aşama altında ele alınmaktadır. Fırsatı algılama aşaması girişimcilik sürecini başlatan aşama olması bakımından önemliyken, fırsatı değerlendirme aşaması başlangıç noktasında ortaya çıkan fikirlerin hayata geçmesini sağlamaktadır. Çalışmada iki sürecin birbirinden nasıl farklılaştığı bilişsel ve kurumsal çevresel faktörler ışığında ortaya konulmaktadır. Bu anlamda kurumsal teori ışığında açıklanan girişimcinin diğerlerinden farkı, bireysel farklılıkları vurgulayanbilişsel teoriyle güçlendirilmektedir. Çalışmada, girişimcilik sürecini bütünsel bir bakışaçısıyla değerlendirmekte ve bu çerçevede girişimcilik ve yeniliğin değeri arasındaki ilişkiyi kurarak, gelecek çalışmalara yön vermeyi amaçlamaktadır. Girişimcilik sürecine ilişkin kavrayıştaki artışın yenilik olarak adlandırılan çıktının değerini de arttıracağına inanılmaktadır.

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