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12 haftalık pilates mat egzersizinin 14-15 yaş voleybol kız öğrencilerinin bazı biyomotor özellikler ve teknik performans üzerine etkilerinin incelenmesi

Examination of the effect of 12 weeks Pilates mat exercises on some biomotor characteristics and technical performance of 14-15 years old female volleyball students

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DOI: 
DOI: 10.26453/otjhs.364026

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Abstract (2. Language): 
The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of pilates mat exercises on young volleyball students; strength, endurance, speed, explosive force, speed continuity, balance and flexibility parameters and technical performances. 30 female 14-15 years old volleyball players participated voluntarily in this research. With random selection; 15 of the athletes are participated in experiment group, 15 of the athletes are participated in control group. The volleyball training days, training contents and hours of the exercises were the same in experiment group and the control group, additionally the experiment group had two pilates exercises per week and lasted twelve weeks in total. Preliminary tests were taken before the lessons started and after the lessons the final tests were taken. During both tests, after the descriptive statistics of the collected data were calculated, two sample paired t-test was used for homogenous data, Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test was used for nonhomogeneous data. The p-significance value in all statistics was taken as p≤0.05. In control group; there was a significant difference in arm movement speed, line drill, hand grip strength, health ball throwing and shuttle running tests but, there wasn't a significant difference in balance test, seat access, shoulder flexibility, standing jumping, vertical jumping active, vertical jumping passive, twisted arm 30 sn crunch tests. When we look at the experiment group, there was a positive significant difference in biomotor characteristics and technical performance tests. When we compared the final tests of the significant data of the experiment and control groups, it was found that there was more relevance in the experiment group as %. When the technical performance values were examined, positive significant differences were found in all of the experiment and control group data. In conclusion, pilates mat exercises were found to have a positive effect on biomotor characteristics and technical performance. It can be recommended that using pilates mat exercises are providing benefits in improving the biomotor properties of volleyball players.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu çalışmada, pilates mat egzersizlerinin genç voleybolcularda kuvvet, dayanıklılık, sürat, patlayıcı kuvvet, süratte devamlılık, denge ve esneklik özellikleri ile teknik performansları üzerine etkilerinin incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Araştırmaya 14-15 yaşlarında 30 bayan voleybolcu gönüllü olarak katılmıştır. Rastgele seçimle sporculardan 15’i deney grubu 15’i kontrol grubunu oluşturmuşlardır. Deney grubu ve kontrol grubunun voleybol antrenman günleri, antrenman içerikleri ve saatleri aynı olmuştur, deney grubu ek olarak 12 hafta süreyle haftada iki saat pilates egzersizleri yapmışlardır. Sporcular egzersizlere başlamadan önce ön testler alınmış olup, on iki hafta sonunda son testler alınmıştır. Her iki test esnasında toplanan verilerin tanımlayıcı istatistikleri hesaplandıktan sonra, homojen veriler için two sample paired t-test, homojen olmayan veriler için Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test kullanılmıştır. Tüm istatistiklerdeki p anlamlılık değeri p≤0.05 olarak alınmıştır. Kontrol gurubunda yer alan sporcuların kol hareket sürati, line drill, el kavrama kuvveti, sağlık topu atma ve mekik koşusu testlerinde istatistiksel olarak pozitif yönde anlamlı fark gözlenirken, denge testi, otur eriş, omuz esneklik, durarak uzun atlama, dikey sıçrama aktif, dikey sıçrama pasif, bükülü kol asılma, 30 sn mekik testlerinde anlamlı bir fark gözlenmemiştir. Deney grubunda yer alan sporcuların biyomotor özelliklerinin ve teknik performanslarının tüm ön test son test değerleri arasında istatistiksel olarak pozitif yönde anlamlı farklılıklar oluştuğu gözlenmiştir. Deney ve kontrol gruplarında farklılık gözlenen parametrelerdeki gelişme yüzdeleri karşılaştırıldığında deney grubunda daha yüksek oranda gelişme olduğu belirlenmiştir. Teknik performans değerlerine bakıldığında deney ve kontrol grubu verilerinin hepsinde istatistiksel olarak pozitif yönde anlamlı fark bulunmuştur. Sonuç olarak, pilates mat egzersizlerinin biyomotor özelliklere ve teknik performansa olumlu yönde etkisi olduğu gözlenmiştir. Voleybolcularda pilates mat egzersizlerinin sporcuların biyomotor özelliklerinin geliştirilmesinde yararlar sağlayacağı düşünülmektedir.

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