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İstanbul'da Yaşayan Bir Grup Gebe Kadının Beslenme Durumunun Değerlendirilmesi

THE EVALUATION OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF A GROUP OF PREGNANT WOMEN LIVING IN ISTANBUL

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Abstract (2. Language): 
Objective: To determine the nutritional status of pregnant women living in Istanbul who had joined the "Healthy Beginning Training Program for Pregnant Women" organized by Istanbul Uni¬versity Medical School. Methods: 66 pregnant women filled in a questionnaire and their food consumption was recorded by a form. Daily energy and nut¬rients intakes of women were calculated and evaluated according to Turkey Dietary Guidelines for pregnant women. Results: The average energy intake of pregnant women was be¬low the recommendation and energy provided from macro nutri¬ents was unbalanced. While phosphorus, vitamin A, vitamin C and riboflavin intakes were higher than the recommended dietary allowances (RDAs), intakes of vitamin D, folic acid, iron, zinc, cal¬cium and magnesium were lower than RDAs. Conclusion: The nutrition of pregnant women in the study group was not healthy. Preconceptional folic acid and especially vitamin D, iron and zinc supplementation have to be provided in preg¬nancy. Also health programs where the importance of nutrition is emphasized should be organized.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Amaç: Amacımız istanbul Tıp Fakültesi Kadın ve Çocuk Sağlığı Eğitim ve Araştırma Merkezi'nin düzenlediği "Sağlıklı Başlangıçlar Gebe Eğitim Programı"na katılan ve istanbul'da yaşayan gebe kadınların beslenme durumunu saptamakdı. Gereç ve Yöntem: 266 kadına bir anket ve "Besin Tüketim Formu" uygulandı, günlük beslenme kapsamında aldıkları enerji ve besin öğelerinin miktarı hesaplanarak, Türkiye'ye Özgü Beslenme Reh-beri'nde gebe kadınlar için önerilen düzeylerle karşılaştırıldı. Bulgular: Gebe kadınların günlük enerji alımları önerilenin altında olup ve makro besin öğelerinin oranları dengesizdi. Kadınların A, C vitaminleri, riboflavin ve fosfor alımları önerilenin üstünde, D vitamini, folik asit, demir, çinko, kalsiyum ve magnezyum alımları ise önerilenin altında idi. Sonuç: Çalışma grubunda yer alan gebe kadınlar yetersiz ve dengesiz beslenmektedir. Ülkemizde kadınlara gebelik öncesi folik asit, gebelikte özellikle D vitamini, demir, çinko desteği sağlanma¬lı ve her sağlık organizasyonunda beslenmenin öneminin vurgu¬landığı programlar düzenlenmelidir.

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Garipağaoğlu M ve ark. | istanbul'da Yaşayan Bir Grup Gebe Kadının Beslenme Durumunun Değerlendirilmesi
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