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SIGARA IÇEN VE IÇMEYEN GENÇ BIREYLERDE BAZı TÜKÜRÜK ÖZELLIKLERININ KARŞıLAŞTıRıLMASı

COMPARING SOME CHARACTERISTICS OF SALIVA IN SMOKING AND NONSMOKING YOUNG PEOPLE

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Abstract (2. Language): 
It is known that low flow rate of saliva, high amount of mutans streptococci and lactobacilli, is active in formation and advance of cavities. The objective of this study is to research the relation between smoking and the flow rate of the saliva also the amount of mutans streptococci and lactobacilli among dental faculty students of ages between 21 and 26. For the study, two groups of 25 individuals each are formed among the students of Aegean University Dentistry Faculty. Group A consists of non-smokers who have never smoked before. Group B is selected as smoking group which smokes at least 3 years and has divided into two as Group B1 abd B2. Group B1 consists of individuals, who are smoking 10 or less cigarettes per day. Group B2 consists of individuals, who are smoking more than 10 cigarettes per day. After the clinical mouth examinings, the DMFT index of the individuals are decided. It has been taken care that the avarage DMFT values of the individuals in the studygroups are close to each other. The stimulated saliva samples of the mentioned studygroups are taken. First the flow rate, then the mutans steptococci and lactobacilli amounts of the stimulated salivas are calculated. In statistical analysis of the obtained data, Kruskal Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests are used. The results are evaluated with the significanc e level of p<0,05. According to the result of the statistical assessments, smoking among dental faculty students of ages 21-26, has no statistical significant relation with flow rate of the saliva, mutans streptococci and lactobacilli values. In the case of regular oral hygene habit, the effect of smoking on the flow rate of the saliva, mutans streptococci and lactobacilli numbers has been evaluated. With the result of this study, it has been concluded that smoking does not have a statistical significant effect on the flow rate of the saliva, mutans streptococci and lactobacilli values for the individuals, processing regular and aware oral hygiene care. It is being believed that, in the case of regular oral hygene habit, smoking has no effect in formation of cavities. But the case for a longer time period smoking should be researched.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Düşük tükürük akış hızının, yüksek St. Mutans ve Laktobasil sayısının çürük oluşumu ve ilerlemesinde etkin olduğu bilinmektedir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, 21-26 yaş arası dişhekimliği öğrencilerinde sigara içilmesinin, tükürük akış hızı, tükürükteki St. Mutans ve Laktobasil sayısı üzerine etkisi olup olmadığının araştırılmasıdır. Çalışmada Ege Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi öğrencilerinden 25'er kişilik 2 grup oluşturuldu. Grup A; Sigara içme deneyimi hiç olmayan bireyler, grup B; en az 3 yıldır sigara içen bireyler, grup B1; günde 10 tane ve daha az sayıda sigara içen bireyler, grup B2; günde 10 taneden daha fazla sayıda sigara içen bireylerden oluşturuldu. Klinik ağız muayeneleri sonucu bireylerin DMFT indeksleri belirlendi. Çalışma gruplarına dahil edilecek bireylerin DMFT ortalamalarının birbirlerine yakın olmasına özen gösterildi. Grupların uyarılmış tükürük örnekleri toplandı. Elde edilen örneklerden tükürük akış hızları hesaplandıktan sonra aynı örneklerden St. Mutans ve Laktobasil sayımları gerçekleştirildi. Elde edilen verilerin istatistiksel analizlerinde Kruskal Wallis testi ve Mann-Whitney testi kullanıldı. Sonuçlar anlamlılık p<0,05 düzeyinde değerlendirildi. Yapılan istatistiksel değerlendirmelerde; 21-26 yaş arası dişhekimliği öğrencilerinde sigara içilmesinin, tükürük akış hızı, tükürükteki St. Mutans ve Laktobasil sayısı üzerindeki etkisi istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bulunmamıştır. Ağız hijyenine düzenli olarak özen gösterilmesi durumunda, sigara içmenin tükürük akış hızını, tükürükteki St. Mutans ve Laktobasil sayısını nasıl etkilediği değerlendirilmiştir. Bu çalışmanın sonucunda, düzenli ve bilinçli ağız hijyeni uygulamakta olan genç bireylerde sigara içmenin tükürük akış hızını, tükürükteki St. Mutans ve Laktobasil sayısını istatistiksel olarak anlamlı derecede değiştirmediği görülmüştür. Ağız hijyenine dikkat edilmesi durumunda sigara içmenin çürük oluşumunu etkilemediği düşünülmektedir. Ancak daha uzun süreli içiciliğin etkisi araştırılmalıdır.
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