Çatısma Alanlarında Ekonomik Faaliyetleri Arttırma

Facilitating Economic Activity in Conflict Zones

Journal Name:

Publication Year:

Keywords (Original Language):

Author NameUniversity of Author
Abstract (2. Language): 
This article argues that there is a growing recognition that peace -largely, the absence of internal and external violence- enhances economic activity, while conflict has the opposite effects. Nations experiencing such disorder cannot abandon economic activity until violence subsides. Nevertheless, obstacles to conducting commerce exist in conflict zones more so than elsewhere. Even in countries where conflict is extensive, some positive economic activity is exhibited. As such, it is vital to discuss which policies, activities, and organizations tend to contribute to economic activity in conflict zones. Consequently, governments, industry, nongovernmental organizations, and the populace can emphasize these productive efforts in the economic arena, and, thereby, offer some helpful variables in conflict zones.
Abstract (Original Language): 
Bu makale, barışın, yani büyük bir ölçüde dâhilî ve harici şiddetin yokluğunun, ekonomik faaliyeti arttırırken çatışmanın ise tersi etkileri olduğunun giderek kabul gördüğünü savunmaktadır. Bu düzensizliği yaşayan uluslar, şiddet sona erene kadar ekonomik faaliyetten vazgeçmemektedir. Yine de, ticareti yönetme engelleri, çatışma bölgesi içinde diğer yerlerden daha fazla bulunmaktadır. Çatışmanın yoğun olduğu ülkelerde bile, bazı pozitif ekonomik faaliyetler ortaya konulmuştur. Dolayısıyla hangi politikaların, eylemlerin ve teşkilatların çatışma bölgelerindeki ekonomik faaliyete katkıda bulunma eğiliminde olduğunun tartışılması büyük bir önem arz etmektedir. Sonuç olarak, hükümetler, sanayi, sivil toplum örgütleri ve halk bu üretken çabaları ekonomik arenada vurgulayıp çatışma bölgelerinde bazı faydalı değişkenler sunabilmektedir.



BESLEY Tim, MUELLER Hannes and SINGH Prakarsh, “Conflict
and investment”, 1. IGC Workshop on Fragile States, St. Anne’s
College, Oxford (2011 July 6-7).
BOUW Brenda, “The risky business of resources in conflict zones”,
The Globe and Mail, 2011 July 12.
“Business in conflict zones: India Inc and government have to pay”,
The Economic Times, 2010 May 16.
EVERS Tobias, “Doing business and making peace?” Occasional
UIpapers, No: 3, 16. Utrikepolitiska Institutet (Swedish Institute of
International Affairs), 2010 December 6.
JORAS Ulrike, “Motivating and impeding factors for corporate
engagement in peace-building”, Working paper, Swiss Peace
Foundation, 2009 August.
LEMMON Gayle Tzemach, “Entrepreneurship in post conflict zones”,
Working paper, Council of Foreign Relations, 2012 May.
MILLS Rob and FAN Qimiao, “The investment climate in postconflict situations”, Policy research working papers, World Bank,
2006 November.
ROSS Michael L., “Oil drug and barons: the varying role of natural
resources in violent conflict”, in Karen Ballantine and Jake Sherman
(eds). The Political Economy of Armed Conflict: Beyond Greed and
Grievance. Lynne Reinner Publishers, London, 2003.
SAMSET Ingrid, (n.d.) “Natural resource wealth, conflict, and peacebuilding”, Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies, City
University of New York.
SARWARY Abdullah, (n.d.) “Opportunities for Economic Growth in
Afghanistan”, Centre for Conflict and Peace Studies Afghanistan.
“Africa: informal sector is a critical economic vessel, says report.
(2011 November 9). All Africa. Retrieved from http://allafrica.com/
stories/201111091470.html (Access date: 17.09.2012).
African Development Bank Group, web site: www.afdb.org/en/
(Access date: 24.09.2012).
ALLURI Rina M., “The role of tourism in post-conflict peace-building
in Rwanda”, Swiss Peace Foundation, 2009 December. Retrieved
from http://www.isn.ethz.ch/isn/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/
83 (Access date: 22.09.2012).
Asian Development Bank, web site: www.adb.org (Access date:
BENNETT Juliette, “Business in zones of conflict - the role of the
multinationals in promoting regional stability”, UN global compact
policy dialogues, 2001 January, Retrieved from
and_workshops/Reg_stability.html (Access date: 17.09.2012).
Business Edge (International Finance Cooperation), web site:
business_edge (Access date: 03.10.2012).
Cherie Blair Foundation for Women, web site: http://www.cherieblair
foundation.org/about-us (Access date: 03.10.2012).
Compañía Española de Financiación del Desarrollo, COFIDES S.A.,
web site: http://www.cofides.es/english/Default.aspx (Access date:
Detailed structure and explanatory notes, ISIC Rev.3.1, (International
Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities,
Rev.3.1), United Nations Statistics Division, (n.d.). Retrieved from
http://unstats.un.org/unsd/cr/registry/regcst.asp?Cl=17&Lg=1 (Access
date: 17.09.2012).
Deutsche Investitions- und Entwicklungsgesellschaft mbH (DEG), web
site: http://www.deginvest.de/EN_Home/About_DEG/index.jsp
(Access date: 27.09.2012).
Fair trade soccer ball (n.d.), Global good partners. Retrieved from
(Access date: 20.09.2012).
“Guidance on responsible business in conflict-affected and high-risk
areas: a resource for companies and investors”, United Nations global
compact office, 2010. Retrieved from http://www.unglobal
(Access date: 23.09.2012).
Industry Center, Yahoo! Finance (n.d.). Retrieved from
http://biz.yahoo.com/ic/ (Access date: 17.09.2012).
“In Kabul a ‘dressmaker’ sows entrepreneurial seeds”, Morning
edition, National public radio, 2011, March 11. Retrieved from
http://www.npr.org/2011/03/15/134533995/in-kabul-a-dressmakersows-entrep... (Access date: 20.09.2012).
Inter-American Development Bank, web site: www.iadb.org (Access
date: 24.09.2012).
International Monetary Fund, web site: http://www.imf.org/external/
index.htm (Access date: 24.09.2012).
International Finance Cooperation, web site: http://www1.ifc.org/
(Access date: 24.09.2012).
“ILO Department of Statistics - Short term indicators of the labour
market”, International Labor Organization, Department of Statistics,
(n.d.). Retrieved from http://laborsta.ilo.org/sti/sti_E.html (Access
date: 17.09.2012).
Islamic Development Bank, web site: www.isdb.org (Access date:
IYER Lakshimi and SANTOS Indhira, “Creating jobs in South Asia's
conflict zones”, Policy research working papers, World Bank, 2012
June. Retrieved from http://econ.worldbank.org/external/default/
uPK=64166093&entityID=000158349_20120625094609 (Access
date: 14.09.2012).
KATAYAMA Lisa, “Investing in post-conflict zone startups just might
save the world”, Fast Company, 2010, October 15. Retrieved from:
http://www.fastcompany.com/1695121/investing-post-conflict-zonestartups-... (Access date: 12.09.2012).
Mercy Corps, Economic Development, web site: http://www.mercy
corps.org/topics/economicdevelopment (Access date: 02.10.2012).
Mercy Corps, Micro Enterprise, web site: http://www.mercy
corps.org/topics/microenterprise (Access date: 02.10.2012).
NELSON Jane, “The business of peace: the private sector as a partner
in conflict prevention and resolution”, International Alert, Council on
Economic Priorities, The Prince of Wales Business Leaders Forum,
2000 January 1. Retrieved from http://www.internationalalert.org/
resources/publications/business-peace (Access date: 17.09.2012).
Overseas Private Investment Cooperation, web site:
http://www.opic.gov/ (Access date: 26.09.2012).
ROBERTS Marta, (n.d.). “Working in a war zone”, Security
Management. Retrieved from http://www.securitymanagement.com/
article/working-war-zone (Access date: 19.09.2012).
“SEIIF-Oxfam and Symbiotics target investment industry with new
SME fund”, Press Release, Oxfam Press Office and Symbiotics
Group. 2012 January 12. Retrieved from http://www.symbiotics
group.com/news/latest-news/seiif-oxfam-and-symbiotics-targetinvestment-industry-with-new-sme-fund (Access date: 03.10.2012).
Task Force of Business and Stability Operations, web site:
http://tfbso.defense.gov/www/index.aspx (Access date: 23.09.2012).
The Bpeace Multiplier Effect, web site: http://www.bpeace.org/aboutus/impact.html (Access date: 03.10.2012).
“The DOTSI soccer ball story”, Bpeace Blog, 2010, November 26.
Retrieved from http://blog.bpeace.org/?p=1371 (Access date:
The World Bank Development Report 2011, World Bank. Retrieved
from http://www.scribd.com/doc/56133164/World-DevelopmentReport-2011 (Access date: 12.09.2012).
“Unlocking the African Moment-Rural Infrastructure in Africa”DSM
paper series, Development Support Monitor, 2012. Retrieved from
http://www.africanmonitor.org/am_dsm.html (Access date: 17.09.2012).
U.S. Department of Commerce, “Doing Business in Afghanistan: A
Country Commercial Guide for U.S. Companies”, 2005.
U.S. Department of Commerce, “Doing Business in Iraq: A Country
Commercial Guide for U.S. Companies”, 2012.
U.S. Agency for International Development, web site:
http://www.usaid.gov/ (Access date: 25.09.2012).
World Bank web site: http://www.worldbank.org/ (Access date:

Thank you for copying data from http://www.arastirmax.com